night I spoke at a meeting of The Abundance League, a group that was founded in San Francisco a few years ago and now has a few branches elsewhere.

It sounds a bit like a support group for superheroes who are trying to lose weight, but in reality it reminds me a lot more of a modern, California-style version of Benjamin Franklin’s Junto.

There were about twenty people in attendance, and after some informal meet-and-greet over pot luck snacks, we sat in a circle and introduced ourselves — sharing three things: our passions, our gifts, and our needs. The idea being that some people’s gifts and passions might be a perfect fit for other people’s needs.

The gifts and passions ranged from esoteric things like permaculture and neurolinguistic programming to more down-to-earth subjects like accounting and web design. Needs also ran the gamut from a good-paying job to a community that could usher in a paradigm shift.

After this set of introductions, it was my opportunity as the evening’s designated speaker “to share a passion, project or skill that creates abundance” in a fifteen-minute talk, followed by some discussion. Here’s what I said, more-or-less:

Thank you for inviting me to speak tonight about how I discovered an abundant life — how I started living more by working less, earning less, and spending less.

My story starts about five and a half years ago when I went in to the human resources department where I worked and asked if it would be possible for me to get a significant pay cut. “How significant?” they asked. I said I didn’t know, but probably something along the lines of 75%. As you can imagine, this was not the sort of request they were used to, but they gave it their best shot.

I should back up a bit and explain how I came to make such a strange request. Five and a half years ago was early , and at that time as you probably remember, the war on Iraq had become more-or-less inevitable. Along with many other people, I was horrified by the thought of the magnitude of the suffering the United States was about to inflict with its “shock and awe” campaign and at the increasingly blind, ignorant, and bloodthirsty belligerance that dominated our country.

But I was also painfully aware that as a taxpayer I was one small but vital part of the machine we were unleashing — that no matter how much I complained or voiced my moral opposition, as long as I continued to pay taxes, I was — in a practical, bottom-line sense — a war supporter.

Because of this, I had a hard time getting to sleep at night, and a hard time looking myself in the mirror in the morning. I knew I would have to stop supporting the war, if only for my own peace of mind.

The question was: how could I go about it? My major financial contribution to the military and the war came from paying the personal federal income tax. This tax was automatically withheld from each paycheck before I even saw it.

If I tried to stop this withholding, for instance by filing a new W-4 form with more allowances, this seemed like it would just be delaying the inevitable. Come April, the IRS would realize they’d been underfed and would come after me or my employer to seize the difference.

So I decided to see if I could get “under the tax line” — if I didn’t owe any tax to begin with, I wouldn’t have to pay and that would be the end of that. And so that’s why I went in to my H.R. department. As it turns out, they said they couldn’t help me — that such a move would look suspicious, as though they were trying to get away with something — and could cause problems of some sort for the company.

But as it turns out, I’m glad. I don’t think I would have wanted to continue to commute to a full-time, year-round job for an under-the-tax-line income if I could accomplish the same thing by just working fewer hours.

So I quit my job, where I’d been earning about $100,000 per year, and determined to get under the tax line. Now I’m self-employed, doing contract work and writing books.

At the time I started this experiment, I didn’t know where this “tax line” was. I assumed it was somewhere in the vicinity of the “poverty line,” which wasn’t a very encouraging thought.

When I did some initial research, I found some stories about war tax resisters who used this method — there are many methods of war tax resistance, this is just one of them — and these seemed to suggest that the “tax line” was somewhere around $3,000 to $8,000 of income per year.

So I started thinking “hmmm… I could buy bulk rice and pick dandelions for vitamins” … “you can do a lot with top ramen!” … “maybe I could work as a fire-spotter to avoid paying rent” … that sort of thing. I’d started to resign myself to the idea that the path I was on was going to be one of deprivation, sacrifice and renunciation in the service of my ideals. — There are things to be said for a path of sacrifice and renunciation in the service of ideals, but if that’s how things turned out, I’d probably be somewhere else, addressing the League of Renunciates tonight.

But instead I decided that first, I’d research tax law a little more closely, so as to find out more precisely where that “tax line” was and just how much of a budget I had to work with. What I found was a great relief.

Today in the United States, about one-third of households that file tax returns are already under the federal income tax line — that is to say, one-third of American households pay no federal income tax. If you take into account that those households tend to be larger on average (with more dependents, thus more deductions & credits), and if you take into account that some Americans earn so little income that they don’t file returns at all, that makes about 40% of Americans who are under the tax line. So I didn’t have to live in a cave and eat grubs and berries after all — all I had to do was become one of those two-in-five.

As it turns out, there really is no one “tax line.” It’s different for everyone, based on things like your family structure, your age, how you make your income, and what you do with your money.

For me, the tax line is about $30,000 per year. By using deductions for tax-deferred retirement accounts, for health savings accounts, in some years for tuition, and for legitimate business expenses, I’m able to — legally and by-the-book — pay no federal income tax.

To do this, I have to put about $14,000 into these retirement and health savings accounts. That leaves me about $16,000 to live on during the year. That seems like very little to many people, especially here in San Francisco where I live, but it’s more than enough for me. For one thing, it’s a real $16,000, not a $16,000 salary that then gets whittled down by income tax.

But my yearly expenses — rent, food, transportation, and the like — come to only about $12,000. What’s left over is a rainy-day, emergency, or vacation fund. I usually use it on a south-of-the-border vacation. And note that I’m also saving about $14,000 per year for retirement and for health expenses.

Here are some of the techniques I’ve adopted to lower my budget:

  • I cook my own meals from scratch rather than eating out or eating expensive packaged food.
  • I brew my own beer, because I like the good stuff (and I want to avoid the federal excise tax on alcoholic beverages).
  • I trade English tutoring for Spanish tutoring rather than paying for classes.
  • I use the public library for research & recreational reading rather than buying books.
  • I don’t own a car — which is such an expensive thing, especially here in the city — but I use City Car Share, public transit, bicycling, Greyhound, and such.
  • I try to find used stuff on freecycle / craigslist rather than buying new — for instance: a pot rack, a Foreman grill, our vacuum cleaner, a back door that I could cut a cat door in without risking our security deposit, a bread machine, speakers for our DVD player, our living room couch, some lectures on video tape, our food processor and blender, and a carboy I use for brewing.

So how do I feel about my life now that I’ve gone from the $100,000 a year urban playboy lifestyle to living on $12,000? Money Magazine profiled me briefly a few months ago for an article they put out on how to avoid paying taxes. They concluded that their readers probably wouldn’t enjoy what they called the “ascetic lifestyle” that comes along with my technique.

If this is “asceticism,” asceticism is very underrated. The life I’m leading now is fuller and more enjoyable than ever, I have less anxiety and feel more integrity, and I’m genuinely living a life of abundance.

By being willing to take in less income, I am able to work fewer hours. It turns out that, to me, those free hours are much more valuable than the money I’d been trading them for.

It seems that many of the things people commonly give up, in order to pursue careers and more money, are more valuable than the money we gain in the trade. Not only are they more valuable, but many are not for sale at any price! Our health, our youth, and the time we need to pursue our dreams, learn new skills, strengthen relationships with our family and friends and communities, or just to read those books we’ve been meaning to get around to.

Money, unless you collect it as examples of the art of engraving, is at best a means to various ends. It is these ends, and not the money itself, that define abundance. And while money can be very useful as a means to some of these ends, it is hopeless for others, and inefficient for many. And not only that, but the pursuit of money can take up so much time and energy that it makes it more difficult to pursue some of those ends.

How does it make sense to spend extra hours at work to earn enough money to pay for a gym membership so you can lose the pounds you’ve put on from sitting in your desk chair all those extra hours at work?

How does it make sense to work extra hours so you can afford a meal in a nice restaurant once in a while because you don’t have time after all those extra hours at work to shop and cook and do the dishes if you want to do it yourself?

I love good food. When I was making the big bucks I used to go out to eat all the time, because there are so many great restaurants in San Francisco. But for the cost of one restaurant meal, I could eat fantastic food all week — if only I had the time to shop for the ingredients, look up the recipes, prepare the food, and clean up the kitchen afterwards. Now I have that time, and so I eat great food just about every day for a fraction of what I used to spend.

One measure of abundance is this: what percentage of your time and energy — what percentage of your life — are you able to devote to your passions, and what percentage are you forced to spend on priorities that contradict and oppose them. Now, by “your passions” I don’t just mean “your own selfish interests” but your values, the things you think are worthwhile and important.

If a percentage of your paycheck is being sucked up by Uncle Sam, you’re spending that percent of every working day using your energy and your time — spending your life — to promote the Pentagon’s priorities and political pork projects.

What worked for me won’t necessarily work for everyone. Some people, for very good reasons, have higher expenses than I do — for instance, children, though they are good tax deductions, I understand can be something of an expensive hobby. I don’t have kids. Also, not everyone has job skills that translate well to a part-time, contract, work-from-home style job. And many people have to work full-time jobs, year-round to earn what I earn.

I haven’t come here tonight with a one-size-fits-all strategy for abundance and fulfillment. But, there are some lessons I learned along the way that many of us can use to make our lives better, whatever our situation.

So I urge you to take stock of your own vision of an abundant life, and look closely at which components of it are best-served by earning money and which components are best-served in more direct ways. Look also for ways in which your career may be interfering with a more abundant life. And look especially at how the government, by means of the tax system, is forcing you to expend your time and energy on priorities that contradict your own.

And consider the possibility that the most abundant life you could be living may be one in which you are earning and spending less but living more.

I simplified some things and left some loose ends hanging. There’s a lot more I could have covered and many more gaps I could have filled in, but I was supposed to hold it down to fifteen minutes and I think this just barely fit.

The talk went well, I think, and the discussion afterwards was excited and heated and threatened to keep going long after we needed to wrap things up and close down the meeting. I gave away a few copies of NWTRCC’s “Low Income/Simple Living as War Tax Resistance” pamphlet, and had discussions with a number of people who had more detailed questions about how I do what I do, and how they might be able to incorporate some of the same sort of techniques into their lives.

This “Abundance League” seems like a good group to know — energetic, enthusiastic, idealistic people with an itch to strive and improve and give a helping hand.


The Westbury, New York Monthly Meeting of the Society of Friends reported on what happened to one New York Quaker who refused to submit to the draft or to militia exemption fines:

The Monthly Meeting appointed a Committee to collect account of the sufferings of Friends in the maintenance of our Christian testimonies against war. They found that quite a number of Friends were drafted for the army, but more were excused, and a few paid commutation fine.

One young man bore his testimony against war by refusing to comply to any military requisitions. He resided at River Head, Long Island, and his name was Joseph G. Miller. He was drafted in and required to appear at Jamaica, Long Island, and a pass sent him to use in the Railroad, but he did not feel at liberty to use it, and paid his own fare arriving in the morning of the day appointed, and was kept all day near the door of the Court House. In the afternoon of the next day he was informed he must appear in nine days prepared to be enrolled as a soldier, or pay a fine of $300. In reply he said he could not pay the money, nor allow any one to do so for him, but would be there at the time appointed. He reported at the time and was told as some other Friends had paid the fine, he was acting wilfully to refuse to do so. He showed our Book of Discipline and pointed out that portion on bearing arms and paying fines in lieu thereof. He was then conducted to a house in the village where his clothes were exchanged for a soldier’s uniform. He made no resistance, and was taken to a military board in the next room and was accosted by a man who had been active in the Court Room, and observed that he believed it to be the duty of every Christian to support the government, but a few words from Joseph, in reply to the question “What would become of the government and of us if we did not fight,” appeared to have such an effect upon him that at Joseph’s departure he took his hand and said, “If we could only feel as you do what a happy people we should be. Hold fast to your trust in God and all will be well,” and then gave him his address with a request that he should write and inform him how he fared.

Our Friend was then taken to the camps on Rikers Island without an overcoat, as he was not permitted to take his own, and did not feel at liberty to wear a military one. Having but one blanket, and being obliged to lie on the damp ground, he took severe cold from which he suffered much, as well as the severe treatment from officers because he would not observe the ordinary civility to them, which soldiers usually do. But when it became known that he was a Friend acting from conscientious scruples their manner changed. In about three weeks he was removed to Governors Island, and in time allowed to resume his own clothes and required to do nothing contrary to his feelings.

On he was liberated on parole. He said his lot had not been cast in a barren place during his confinement of two months, but that his faith had been increased in the sufficiency of that Power which would enable all who submitted to its influence to experience themselves the fulfilment of the prophetic declaration “And the Lord shall judge among many people and rebuke strong Nations, and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.”

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