Enter a date or date-range in datetime format.

needle
haystack
pageexcerpt
3% match10 December 2012…10 December 2012 The following comes from the December, 1968 edition of a zine from Cleveland, Ohio that went by the name The Buddhist Third Class Junkmail Oracle: Hang Up On War! As a result of the widening war in Vietna…
2% match11 December 2012…ds indicate that telephone tax resisters were relatively unmoved by President Johnson’s famous “abdication” speech on March 31, 1968, but that about a quarter of them resumed payment of their telephone taxes at the end of 1968 in the belief that President-elect Nixon would end the war. A table of the telephone company statistics follows, giving the number of telephone tax refusers at the end of each quarter…
1% match11 December 2012…st3,400 2nd4,700 3rd5,300 4th4,700 1969 — 1st4,000 2…
0% match31 March 2010…be content to curl up with their memories of Rudolph Valentino, Ms. Kellems — businesswoman, feminist and rebel with a lot of causes — is still an enthusiastic volunteer in a very long war against the income tax. She has refused to pay any since 1968, sending in signed but otherwise blank federal returns. Sitting amid her antique glass collection while she nibbles hors d’oeuvres served by her maid of 20 years, Ms. Kellems hardly looks like a revolution…
0% match31 March 2010…IRS saying I had properly pleaded the Fifth and they wished to withdraw the suit. I haven’t filed now for five years. They assess interest against me, and I assess interest against them.” She reckons that by 1968 — when she stopped paying — the government owed her $72,000 in taxes collected in previous years when she was paying the single person’s rate. Ms. Kellems in fact tried to sue the…
0% match30 September 2008…FBI had ignored the Congressional requirement of a court order to listen in on the conversation of youth leaders indicted for allegedly inciting riots at the Democratic National Convention of 1968 — and would go on doing so. “While it may be appropriate,” said Mr. Mitchell, “for Congress to establish rules limiting the investigative techniques which the Executive may employ in enforcing the laws the C…
0% match30 May 2008…rrow’s entries, as I’ll be off the grid for a few days. In Lillian Schlissel’s Conscience in America: A documentary history of conscientious objection in America, 1757–1967 (1968) is an excerpt from a letter to the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1795 that I haven’t been able to find elsewhere, and the author of which remains unknown to me.…
0% match30 August 2011…IRS concern generally with the failure to pay Federal taxes as a war protest had developed much earlier. For example, the Internal Revenue Manual contained guidelines for the handling of war tax resistance cases as early as 1968. The guidelines originally pertained to failures to pay Federal income taxes, but by 1970 they also included telephone and transportation excise taxes. According to a…
0% match28 March 2010…in the other direction: Dr. Marjorie Nelson was captured by North Vietnam during the Tet offensive of 1968 and held as a prisoner of war for over two months. She had been doing medical work in Vietnam with the American Friends Service Committee. She later…
0% match27 August 2005…erve out that old familiar pudding about “tolerance” and “inclusivity” and so on, and then the bobblehead nods begin and it’s all over. This time it was some jerk who interrupted again and again to ramble on about the magnificent struggles of 1968 and… oh, Paris, the barricades, I’m writing a book, Jefferson and Mao and I’m going to make a movie, and Bush is a right-wing maniac who wants to turn us into robots, and remember the struggle against Vietnam in the six…
0% match25 May 2011…d to pay taxes, but the agency was forced to collect in 698 cases. In 1969, 1,401 protested, but only 368 drew formal action by IRS. In 1968, there were 592 who protested and 140 tax-delinquent accounts. “The numbers are tiny when you consider there were an average of 75 million returns over those years,” the spokesman said. Today’s fi…
0% match25 May 2011…IRS. The spokesman acknowledged that those who use more-subtle means to escape paying taxes in protest might not be detected if they didn’t let the service know. Folk singer Joan Baez announced in 1968 she didn’t intend to pay that part of her income taxes related to the military budget. But the government collected from her bank accounts through court action. A common form of protest is refusal to pay t…
0% match23 July 2004…23 July 2004 Last night I opened a collection of essays at random and fell into the middle of a discussion by American poet Karl Shapiro about Gandhi (On the Revival of Anarchism, 1968). This was too good a coincidence, since I’ve been chewing over Gandhi thoughts in the last couple of Picket Line entries. Shapiro gushes over Gandhi’s contribution to political thought:…
0% match21 October 2010…and individuals such as business men and women, ordinary soldiers or members of war organizations would have been of a sufficient status then and now to be considered an accessory. See Ⅱ Whitman, Digest of International Law 885–87, 1968. The last paragraph of Article 6 of the Nuremberg Charter concerns complicity and states that “…accomplices participating in the formulation… of a common plan to commit any of the foregoing crimes are responsible for…
0% match21 October 2010…Minuteman warheads now has over an 80% chance of destroying any Soviet silo at which it is aimed. Other weapons systems currently in development pose an even greater threat of the risk of outbreak of nuclear war. Lockheed began work in 1968 on a manuevering re-entry vehicle (MARV) which permits in-flight alterations in navigation increasing ever-more the accuracy of the hit. In 1970, concept…
0% match19 November 2012…l branch of the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam did a similar phone company office protest and collection of redirected phone taxes, donating the money to a local Early Childhood Development program. In 1968, war tax resister Irving Hogan stood outside the Federal Building in San Francisco and redirected his federal income tax dollars one at a time — by handing them out to passers by. “I want this money to be us…
0% match19 April 2014…Fewer Americans Using War As Excuse for Dodging Taxes Washington — Fewer Americans are using the Vietnam war as an excuse for not paying all or part of their income taxes this year, according to the Internal Revenue service. And most of them appear to be making the protest for publicity purposes, officials believe. Instead, the protesters appear to be more active in usi…
0% match19 April 2014…because of Vietnam, the IRS goes right ahead and attaches income, property and bank accounts to pay any tax left unpaid. Last week she said she will withhold her entire tax this year. The singer paid $6,000 in penalties and interest for 1963 and 1964. Government officials consider that a fee for what they call “front-page advertising.” Her taxable i…
0% match17 September 2007…IRS didn’t take legal action against anyone who signed on to this list (though it probably sent threatening letters or engaged in administrative sanctions like levies and liens). Nixon won the presidential election in 1968, and among his campaign promises had been to end Johnson’s 10% surtax and somehow salvage “peace with honor” in Vietnam. A couple of years later, the surtax breathed its last. It took a few more years to get…
0% match17 June 2005…ilitaristic U.S. conservativism and (holding their noses) joined forces for a while with the anti-war, socialist left. Rothbard’s own story of how he found he could “move from ‘extreme right’ to ‘extreme left’ merely by standing in one place” is given in a 1968 essay he wrote for Ramparts: Confessions of a Right-Wing Liberal.…
0% match17 July 2013…s in Vietnam require higher revenues.” As now levied, it remains a tax necessitated by the Vietnam war, whatever justifications may be advanced for it on economic or social grounds, as a curb on inflation and so on. Mr. Johnson reiterated in his 1968 Budget message that “it is not the rise in regular budget outlays which requires a temporary tax increase, but the cost of Vietnam.” I am miserably aware that a large portion of the regular federal income ta…
0% match17 July 2013…n flying through perilous skies, or a soldier 10 thousand miles from home, waiting to join his outfit on the line. This surtax was the most explicit war tax the government had yet imposed. When Quakers began filling out their 1968 income tax returns, even some who had been wobbly and skeptical about resisting the “mixed” taxes began to feel that to pay this tax was a step they were not prepared to take. In the…
0% match17 July 2013…1969 On 28 June 1968, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed a law that added a 7.5% surcharge to most income tax bills that tax year, and 10% for 1969. Johnson sold the tax as a necessary measure for the Vietnam War effort — “to give our fighting men the help they need in this hour of trial.”…
0% match16 July 2013…conscription. Let us hold each other in the Light which both reveals our weaknesses and strengthens us to overcome them. “Nonviolence: Ends and Means” In the first Friends Journal issue of 1968 was a piece about nonviolent direct action by Lawrence Scott, in which he urged Quakers to take civil disobedience more seriously and to examine more closely the means and ends involved. “Such direct action will…
0% match16 July 2013…16 July 2013 War tax resistance in the Friends Journal in 1968 The momentum of war tax resistance continued to build in the pages of the Friends Journal in 1968. A letter-to-the-editor from Wilmer J. & Mildred B. Young in the 15 March issue mentioned the 500-person-strong “writers & editors” tax s…
0% match14 November 2012…miles to repel the State tax gatherers. The roads by which the lorries have been bringing troops have been made impassable. The paths are blocked by huge boulders… “Early one morning in 1968 Karl North (Rochester, N.Y.) was alerted by neighbors that the IRS had seized…
0% match14 August 2013…U.S. Air Force jet tankers, fully laden with jet fuel, flying over the heavily populated part of Honolulu on their way to Indochina. Conscientious objection to payment of military taxes In 1968, with the Vietnam War continuing, we moved to Ann Arbor to work at the University of Michigan. We became members of the Ann Arbor Meeting and found there a number of people who were actively grappling with the issue…
0% match13 December 2006…a 521-word article on page 35 of the New York Times the next day. So even if today’s anti-war movement were every bit as big and active as its counterpart from forty years ago, it wouldn’t seem like it from reading the papers. Time has been kind to the anti-Vietnam War movement. It has the advantages of having been right and — eventually — having met its goal of getting the…
0% match13 December 2006…Support for the Iraq war and the president’s handling of it are significantly lower than comparable polling numbers for Vietnam and LBJ at an analogous point in 1968. Yet since the war began, antiwar protesters haven’t been numerous, visible, or influential. Weisberg comes up with some plausible reasons: there’s no draft yet, the…
0% match12 April 2011…sagrees with government policy on Vietnam and that he is not voluntarily financing the war. Estimates of how many protesters are not paying their taxes vary widely. A spokesman for the Internal Revenue Service in Washington said that in 1968, only 583 persons who filed returns did not pay all or part of their taxes as a protest. This was out of a national total of 73,000,000. But other estimates are higher. Maris Cakars, the enthusiastic young Oceanside…
0% match12 April 2011…o pay the costs of Vietnam. According to a spokesman for American Telephone & Telegraph Co., about 5,600 telephone users nationwide refused to pay the tax on their bills in the third quarter of 1968. This has remained constant since late 1966, he said. However, Cakars said he believed the figure was closer to 10,000, while the…
0% match12 April 2011…ct to employers’ withholding their taxes. One organizer who has hopes of expanding the protest to the middle class is Ted Webster, a self-employed publisher in Roxbury, Mass. Webster last year started the Roxbury War Tax Scholarship Fund, into which tax protesters have put $8,000. The money is kept in a savings account, and only Webster keeps records of how much belongs to each protester, thereby prev…
0% match12 April 2011…constant since late 1966, he said. However, Cakars said he believed the figure was closer to 10,000, while the IRS said there were 18,000 cases in 1968. But the IRS spokesman added that many of these were repeaters — one customer who refused to pay for 12 months would be counted as 12 in that figu…
0% match12 April 2011…agony of tax forms will be the pleasure of writing a little note to the tax collector, and sending that instead of a check. The note will say simply that the author is not paying 10 per cent, or 23 per cent or 67 per cent, or all of his 1968 federal income tax as a protest against the Vietnam war. In a few months, after the exchange of some nasty notes, the Internal Revenue Service will almost certainly get its money, with interest — from the offender’s…
0% match12 April 2011…Cakars, the enthusiastic young Oceanside native who runs the New York-based Tax Resistance Project of the War Resisters League, said that he had on file 1,000 names of persons who said they refused to pay all or part of their federal income tax last year. Predictably, the government says the number of protesters has leveled off. The protesters say it is climbing. A larger group has taken to refusing to pay its telephone tax — the 10 per cent federal exc…
0% match11 September 2006…n 1966, the first year of the escalation in Vietnam, supplemental appropriations were seven times as high as regular appropriations. The next year, they were roughly equal. In 1968 supplementals were less than a fifth of regular appropriations, and by 1970 they were down to zero.” In contrast, 90% of the cost of today’s wars are being paid for off-budget.…
0% match11 December 2012…r of actual resisters came to about 275. The following year the IRS began keeping a count of tax protesters. The number rose to 375. In 1968 there were 533 taxpayers who refused part or all of their income taxes and wrote the IRS that they were doing so in protest against the Vietnam wa…
0% match11 December 2012…obtained the unpaid part of my 1967 tax, plus six per cent interest, in June. At this writing I am awaiting implementation of the Final Notice Before Seizure of the refused portion of my 1968 taxes. Banks are required by law to surrender private assets, including the contents of safe deposit boxes, to the IRS upon demand. Most banks s…
0% match11 December 2012…inistration seems as unwilling or as unable as the Johnson Administration to make a significant and credible effort to end the war. In 1964 the country voted for Johnson and peace and got an escalation of the war. In 1968, between Nixon and Humphrey, there was no real opportunity to vote for peace. Demonstrations have proven equally futile as a means of affecting war policy, so much so that the President declares that he will not be s…
0% match11 December 2012…IRS spokesmen emphasize that the number of refusers is only a tiny fraction of the total number of taxpayers. There were some 71 million returns filed in 1967, about 73 million in 1968, and 75 million in 1969. But again, tax-resistance leaders find significance in the fact that the very idea of tax refusal was unthinkable to nearly all of the resisters until their consc…
0% match10 August 2013…0, and I’ve seen references to it dating back as far as 1990. International news An obituary notice for Albert E. Moorman in the January issue mentioned that “[i]n 1968 he and his wife immigrated to Canada to free themselves from paying taxes to the United States government, whose foreign policy they had long been at odds with.” A note in that issue also asserted that “It is po…
0% match9 May 2012…s who were most envenomed with war spirit took it upon themselves to be vigilante tax collectors, and used a variety of pressure tactics — up to and including physically violent lynch mobs — to encourage others to contribute. Some time around 1968 Henry Cooprider, a Mennonite pacifist who witnessed one of these mobs in action against his family near Inman, Kansas some fifty years before, was interviewed. I found…
0% match8 January 2007…of slavery. Similarly, Kauffman has to stretch to praise the New Deal liberal that was Senator Eugene McCarthy, but the Gene McCarthy whose political-suicide bombing of LBJ’s ’68 campaign led to his banishment into the land of third parties and write-in candidacies — that McCarthy is one Kauffman can get behind whole-heartedly. Kauffman is hilariously willing to accept even the most transparently…
0% match7 June 2007…a low of $265 billion in 1996. (That compares to post-World War Ⅱ wartime highs of $437 billion in 1953, during the Korean War, and $388 billion in 1968, at the peak of the War in Vietnam.) After the Soviet empire peacefully disintegrated, the 1990s decline wasn’t exactly the hoped-for “peace dividend,” but it wasn’t peanuts…
0% match7 January 2004…7 January 2004 I’ve got a case of post-traumatic stress that dates back to the Holocaust, which is an odd thing to say considering that I’m a gentile who has lived in California since I was born, in 1968. It has nothing to do with an accident in past life regression therapy (yes, there is such a thing here in California) or some sort of time-machine story. It happened this way: I was a precocious reader — I was…
0% match7 April 2010…dea of the military going into places like Haiti after the earthquake to help out,” Bassett said. “I don’t like the idea of killing civilians in some other part of the world.” So, on a number of occasions over the past four decades, the 1968 University of Michigan graduate has made a point of giving his fair share to organizations that he does support, instead of contributing to the general pot. There is this general conviction, no doubt encoura…
0% match6 December 2013…ed organization, and (B) after June 30, 1956. Alas, Zhang says, “[t]he mandatory registration requirements of the Internal Security Act of 1950 were repealed in 1968 after some court cases found them to be unconstitutional [and] the Subversive Activities Control Board was abolished in 1972.” So there is probably no final order “in effect” requiring any o…
0% match5 March 2011…arties in government,” said David Dellinger, who was a defendant in the Chicago Seven trial and who came to Colrain with a group from Vermont. The Chicago Seven were anti-war protesters charged with various offenses related to disruptions at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. “Everywhere people go now, there’s crime in the cities, homelessness, drugs, poverty, unemployment,” said Mr. Dellinger, now 76 years old. “I think people are goi…
0% match5 April 2013…been growing of late at a far greater rate. In 1967, when the IRS first began to keep tabs on tax protesters, some 375 were counted. In 1968, there were 533, and last year, 848. Resistance leaders feel that even if the amounts of nonpayment are small, symbolic sums, they could have significant impact by snarling the…
0% match4 June 2013…Pamphlet Collection has put on-line a couple of statements from the Church of the Brethren on war tax resistance. Here is an excerpt from the 1968 Statement of the Church of the Brethren on War (“As Revised by the Church of the Brethren Annual Conference, Ocean Grove, New Jersey, June, 1968”):…
0% match3 September 2006…death in the same year…. After the Second World War, however, the question was brought onto the agenda by the Quakers, again contesting income tax assessments.… In Cheney v. Conn (1968), a Quaker assessed for income tax put up the defence that the assessment was illegal because a portion would be used for armament — an unlawful purpose. Not surprisingly, the defence failed on the ground that the wo…
0% match1 December 2006…. In 1966, the first year of the escalation in Vietnam, supplemental appropriations were seven times as high as regular appropriations. The next year, they were roughly equal. In 1968 supplementals were less than a fifth of regular appropriations, and by 1970 they were down to zero. In contrast, we’re about to see…
0% match27 February 2006…“an increasingly unfavorable balance of trade, related in part to spending for the war abroad, contributed to an international monetary crisis involving a threat to U.S. gold reserves in 1967–68. That threat helped convince some administration officials and Wall Street analysts that the United States could no longer afford the war.” …In January 1968, [Clark] C…
0% match14 August 2013…o war and other forms of violence will be considered the norm. [My] orientation as a conscientious objector to war and of preventing preventable suffering impelled Miyoko and me, beginning in 1967–68, to wrestle with the fact that each year we were paying (through our federal taxes) to support the Viemam War and the military system generally. In fact, some 50 percent of those tax moneys went to support…
0% match6 July 2006…izenry that they have a moral obligation to pay. One pivotal event in this intellectual curiosity came while reading Yes I Can, the autobiography of Sammy Davis, Jr. during the late 1960s as an undergraduate student. It was there that I learned the federal government was confiscating more than 90 percent of his marginal income, which led me to ask, “Who the fuck are these guys who can g…
0% match30 August 2013…in 2013 We’re finally at the present day, having reviewed the arc in which coverage of war tax resistance built from near-silence in the late 1950s to a near frenzy by the late 1960s only to fade back to a low simmer by the early 1990s and then to the frankly moribund state where it is today. I only reviewed this year’s issues up…
0% match22 October 2014…The renaissance (1959–1991) The cold war nuclear arms race and the Vietnam War cause a resurgence of war tax resistance in the Society of Friends around the world, from Japan to Norway. By the late 1960s, pretty much all American Quakers must have confronted the issue of war taxes and made a decision about what to do about it. Some Meetings began resisting taxes as a group. War tax resistan…
0% match11 December 2012…s at the end of 1968 in the belief that President-elect Nixon would end the war. A table of the telephone company statistics follows, giving the number of telephone tax refusers at the end of each quarter since 1966: QuarterNo. of resisters to telephone tax…
0% match30 January 2012…ker May 1972 The Catholic Worker has received a letter from the Internal Revenue Service stating that we owe them $296,359 in fines, penalties, and unpaid income tax for the last six years. As the matter stands right now, there might be a legal battle with delays and postponements which may remind us of Dickens’ Bleak House. Or, since we will not set up a de…
0% match30 January 2012…The Catholic Worker I wrote of the crisis The Catholic Worker found itself in when we received a letter from the Internal Revenue Service stating that we owe them $296,359 in fines and penalties and unpaid income tax for the tax years, 1966 through 1970. This was a very impressive bill, and we wondered what it would be if they started figuring out what they thought we owed them from the years 1933, when we…
0% match30 January 2012…. State Offices of the IRS stated: After examining your financial records and reviewing your activities for the above years (1966–1970), we find that you are not required to file annual returns for the years shown, and no further action is necessary regarding the proposals in our letter of January 17, 1972…
0% match17 November 2012…ystanders.” (2011) “It was blessedly sunny on Tax Day. We set up in front of our downtown post office, where we think there have been tax day actions since the late 1960s. … We had our traditional penny poll and WRL flyers. Several local nonprofit groups sent representatives to accept some of our tax redirected…
0% match2 April 2012…k in the day, and her legal battles against the federal income tax make her a sort of founder or at least distinguished ancestor in the Constitutionalist sect. Here’s how the story ends, apparently: In the late 1960s, she finally became an overt tax rebel by refusing to surrender her records to the IRS when they questioned her deductions. In reta…
0% match27 February 2006…U.S. on its long exit from Vietnam. …[P]ublic support for the Vietnam War never rebounded after March 1968. Yet the conflict dragged on for another five years. The ticker for that intervention kept racing higher because President Richard Nixon and his National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger were willing to take the tragedy Johnson made and adopt it as their ow…
0% match20 July 2013…, I have openly refused to submit any tax return to the Internal Revenue Service. I have preferred to risk jail than support an immoral, insane war. This year again, although legally required to file, I must publicly refuse to do so. Since 1968 I have been deducting the war tax from my telephone bill. I will gladly pay Federal taxes when my Government turns off on war and mobilizes against real enemies: Pollution, poverty, disease, ignor…
0% match21 July 2013…lence. In 1958, the publishing address was moved to the Gano residence but the records, funds and operations of the corporation and the newspaper were kept entirely separate. They still are separate. Between 1966 and 1971 a sharing fund administered through the newspaper received money from those opposed to the Vietnam war who wanted to help support dependents of imprisoned war objectors. Monthly checks were issued to th…
0% match3 September 2012…ral friends active in the organization. Earlier this year, the IRS technically seized the house against a claim of $33,000 the group allegedly owed in back taxes for the years 1966–71. None of the occupants was forced to move out. Talked With Bromley A spokesman for Alexander said the IRS district offi…
0% match16 July 2013…♇ 15 July 2013]” A note in the 15 April issue concerned a “Quaker pacifist, Neil Haworth,” who was facing prison “for not revealing his assets to the Government and for refusing to pay his income taxes from 1963 to 1968 because of his religious scruples against taxes of which seventy per cent go for war purposes.” David D. & Barbara C. Houghton had a letter-to-the-editor in the same issue in which they exp…
0% match7 April 2011…Reading Eagle on this date in 1973: Tax Revolt Julius W. Butler, 77, a millionaire land developer who has refused to pay state and federal income taxes since 1968, was arrested Friday in Chicago and charged with failing to file a state tax return for 1971. “Each year I send a protest letter to the sta…
0% match12 April 2011…imes trials, they did not want to contribute voluntarily to a government policy which they feel is immoral. E. Russell Stabler, a special associate professor of mathematics at Hofstra University who has not paid the balance due on his income tax since 1962, said: “I feel we are bound by a higher law. We canot abide by the U.S. income tax law and at the same time avoid responsibility for criminal acts…
0% match5 April 2011…ways protested the amount spent on arms,” Roy Kepler of Menlo Park, Calif., said Wednesday in a telephone interview. He said Miss Baez has refused for the past eight years to pay the percentage of her income tax she figures corresponds to the amount of military spending in the federal budget. In past years, the Internal Revenue Service has collected the am…
0% match28 October 2004…ar as are currently on the ground.… Yale University economist William D. Nordhaus estimated that in inflation-adjusted terms, World War Ⅰ cost just under $200 billion for the United States. The Vietnam War cost about $500 billion from 1964 to 1972, Nordhaus said. The cost of the Iraq war could reach nearly half that number by next fall, 2½ years after it began.…
0% match24 April 2006…ghanistan, up from $8.2 billion a year ago, a new Congressional Research Service report found. Annual war costs in Iraq are easily outpacing the $61 billion a year that the United States spent in Vietnam between 1964 and 1972, in today’s dollars. Thanks to John Fabiani at Yes Justice Yes Peac…
0% match5 November 2007…ental supplements are approved, the U.S. will have spent $660 billion for five-and-a-half years of war and occupation in Iraq compared with the (inflation-adjusted) $673 billion spent in the most expensive eight years of the Vietnam War (1964–72). In current dollars, the average month in Vietnam cost $5.5 billion, while Iraq costs us $12 billion a month. The government is going to have to do…
0% match24 July 2013…suffering and to maintain control over its own populace, began to assume some social responsibility. Possibly most Friends are in the same position as those who began paying the “mixed” taxes in the 1800s. But in the past ten years the whole world has witnessed the kind of horror that a powerful military state can unleash even without resort to the ultimate weapon. …In an individual such behavior would be deemed madn…
0% match30 July 2013…nd of the books, of which the reviewer said: “Most useful, I think, is the section entitled, ‘How to Refuse to Pay the Military Tax.’” The same issue had an obituary for Lois Mae Handsaker which noted: “Before there were any peace marches in the ’60s, she was apprehended during the picketing of the local post office to protest the use of income taxes for war.” The 1 April issue announced that the Iowa Peace Networ…
0% match26 November 2005…ue figure is as much as 50 per cent, according to ten years of research by Timothy Jones at the University of Arizona. …Adam Weissman, a freegan activist and sometime security guard in New Jersey, says freeganism grew out of the radical 1960s “yippie” movement but also has affinities with the hobos of the Great Depression who travelled around the country by stealing rides on the railways. “I have pity for people who have not figured out thi…
0% match24 October 2005…%26.9%11.5%17.2%2.5% 1960s42.0%20.4%18.4%14.9%…
0% match24 October 2005…The share that corporate tax revenues comprise of total federal tax revenues also has collapsed, falling from an average of 28 percent of federal revenues in the 1950s and 21 percent in the 1960s to an average of about 10 percent since the 1980s. The effective corporate tax rate — that is, the percentag…
0% match24 October 2005…of 25.3 percent of their profits in federal corporate income taxes, according to new Congressional Research Service estimates. By contrast, they paid more than 49 percent in the 1950s, 38 percent in the 1960s, and 33 percent in the 1970s A dubious source but perhaps a lead:…
0% match24 March 2003…mmunications systems more reliable and even guides U.S. bombs to specific enemy targets. The journey of these two businessmen underscores the quandary faced by other veterans of the 1960s anti-war movement who later became Silicon Valley technologists and entrepreneurs and who found themselves having the U.S. military as a key cust…
0% match24 March 2003…l paper today featured an article about the company I’m quitting. Some excerpts: Ethical quandry Ex-activists confront issues of tech and war As young men in the 1960s, D— and J— opposed the war in Vietnam and embraced their generation’s critical view of the U.S. military. But today, the technology they h…
0% match22 January 2008…s many people believe it to be. This message wasn’t delivered in a particularly convincing way, and it used some dubious factoids. Evans said (I’m paraphrasing from memory) that nobody gets put in jail anymore for war tax resistance like they did in the sixties because they’ve changed the laws since then. The radio host read another factoid from the campaign’s web site that reads “…
0% match22 January 2008…ce the 1970s only one war tax resister has been prosecuted, and he was sentenced to 8 hours per week of community service.” Neither of those statements is accurate. In fact, there were very few war tax resistance prosecutions during the 1960s as far as I know, but there have been four people who have done time for tax resistance since the Iraq War began, and at least ten…
0% match21 March 2008…ng-overdue: StealThisWiki.org. It’s modeled after Abbie Hoffman’s Steal This Book — a sort of Boy Scout Handbook for the politically radical counterculture of 1960s America — but brought up-to-date and given the benefit of Wikipedia-like group authorship. Caleb Johnson has written a piece for the New Hampshire Free Pr…
0% match15 January 2004…e radical individualism and focus on lifestyle change that allowed the group to stay focused during the conformist fifties scaled poorly to the sort of mass movement that coalesced around civil rights and Vietnam in the sixties). Among the budget proposal elements the Bush administration is expected to bring forward in 2004 is a plan to allow private c…
0% match12 December 2003…es paid, and the amounts they still owe or are owed as refunds. The I.R.S. says it can still process returns and send out refunds on time, but its dependence on the 1960’s-era Assembler and CoBOL computer languages makes it difficult to investigate and resolve taxpayers’ problems. Finding a record using the existing system can take a week; the n…
0% match9 February 2008…evasive about their motives. But part of the charm of Smith’s writing is how he shares his sometimes self-deprecating introspection into his own motives. If I had to guess from this, I’d say he’s not antisemitic, but mostly just ornery. In the 1960s, he ran a bookstore, and was arrested, jailed, and convicted for selling Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer. This make…
0% match7 July 2007…We’ve even gone into español: Con mi dinero no se paga la Guerra de Irak Parece que no sólo volvemos a los 60 con la conmemoración del Verano del Amor en San Francisco. Ahora parece que se vuelve a extender un movimiento de protesta contra la guerra que siguieron entre otros la canta…
0% match5 April 2013…lide presentation entitled “More Than A Paycheck.” According to spokesmen, tax resistance in the United States has its roots in the Revolutionary War. During the Vietnam War as well tax resistance was popular. Prominent tax resisters in the 1960s included Joan Baez, Alan Ginsberg, Gloria Steinem, and Pete Seeger, the presentation said. Ed Agro, one of two part-time staff people at…
0% match21 December 2013…e of work and I think it has useful lessons for us today. The context for the essay is Czechoslovakia in 1978. The country had been behind the Iron Curtain for thirty years, and ten years had passed since the brief experiment in political liberalization known as the “Prague Spring” which had been quickly stopped by a Soviet-led invasion.…
0% match2 April 2012…accounts abroad where their money is safe from IRS scrutiny. The favorite tax havens for the superrich have been Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Panama, and some Caribbean islands. Since the late 1960s, however, a number of small U.S. banks have begun offering so-called “Honor Bonds” to their customers. Originated in Columbus,…
0% match7 January 2013…id past articles failed to capture the flavor of the farm. Campain has been with the movement since hitchhiking from the Midwest in 1978. She went to Tivoli, where an 86-acre Catholic Worker faxm operated from 1964 to 1978. Catholic Worker officials said they wanted a site closer to New York and founded the Marlboro farm in 1979. About 10 people came down from Tivoli, including…
0% match2 May 2013…the Internal Revenue Service exercises over citizens. He called on the members of the audience to follow his example and not give money to a government that used 60 per cent of its taxes for defense. “I haven’t paid any federal income tax since 1960,” said Meyer. “I don’t pay now and I don’t think I ever will.” Meyer does believe people have an obligation to contribute to society and said he does give his share, although not to the government…
0% match2 May 2013…ncepts of non-exploitation of others to all phases of their lives, Meyer said to a group of about 30 persons at the Lutheran Student Center Wednesday night. Meyer has been involved with anti-war groups since 1959 and served nine months in the Cook County Jail for refusing to pay federal income taxes. “Non-violence begins with overcoming our fears of economic deprivations, death, and loss of social status…
0% match11 July 2013…r more than twenty years.” Samuel Cooper I’m going to deviate from my chronological system here a bit so that I can follow the trail set down by Samuel Cooper, who wrote letters to the editor of the Journal up until at least 1981 promoting war tax resistance: There’s the letter I mentioned above, from 1964, in which he responds sympathetically to Andersen’s argument and n…
0% match28 August 2005…nd anarchist revolutionary thinking from Gandhi’s deputy Vinoba Bhave: SATISH KUMAR: For the last fifteen years you have been on the march. What are you aiming at? VINOBA BHAVE: At revolution. In other words, I am aiming at the liberation of people from all kinds of suppr…
0% match5 July 2013…earlier in 1955. The new magazine reflected this merger: The Friend had been the organ of the Orthodox meeting, and the Intelligencer that of the Hicksite meeting. From 1955 to 1974, the magazine shared offices with the “Friends Peace Committee” of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which may have led to some cross-pollenation, and increased coverage for peace testimony concerns in…
0% match19 April 2014…ving Vietnam came with the publication of a notice signed by 350-odd names, mostly writers and educators, led by Rev. A.J. Muste, a well-known pacifist leader who had not paid any income taxes since 1948 — well before Vietnam. Other signers included pianist Anton Kuerti and former Yale Prof. Staughton Lynd, Merrel Lynd, co-author of “Middletown,” a…
0% match5 August 2013…The July issue brought an article by Eleanor Brooks Webb in which she described her family’s telephone tax resistance, and damned it with faint praise. Excerpts: Since March of 1967, my husband and I have refused to pay the federal tax on our phone bill. This is an unheroic and inconsistent witness to our conviction that participation in war is wrong and that paying for…
0% match20 March 2010…on a course that harmonizes with the book as because the book doesn’t much move me) — any recommendations? Timewise, the books in my top ten have a couple of clusters: one around 1849–59 and another around 1957–78, with only one outlier, also the only book on the list from this century, Hochschild’s Bury the Chains. The president signed another law the other…
0% match23 July 2013…itary). The result: “5 respondents, including one paying no tax, $12,070.00.” Assuming this was a representative sample: “85 tax-paying units from Meeting list × ⅕ of above sum: $205,960.00.” In that issue also, Gertrude P. Marshall, who for more than twenty years had been a member of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting’s “Representative Meeting” (a sort of ongoing Yearly Meeting body with representatives from the various Quarterly Meetings that make up the Yea…
0% match14 April 2012…IRS nine years after he began to resist. Since court trials of war tax resisters are expensive and may generate publicity favorable to the cause, they are few and far between. From 1948 to 1971 seven pacifist refusers were criminally prosecuted, from 1972 to 1978 none, and in 1979 there were two criminal convictions.…
0% match12 July 2013…Journal reported on the vows of noncooperation and resistance he made there, including: “I refuse my financial support… I will not willingly pay my income tax.” 1965 represented a lull in coverage of war tax resistance in the Friends Journal, but things would pick up again the following year and then gallop on without let-up for the next twenty-five years or so…
0% match15 July 2013…Japan has led me to perceive that I could no longer voluntarily pay taxes for military purposes. I was willing to make an equivalent payment on an ear-marked basis to any nonmilitary government agencies that could accept such payments. Each year since 1949, I have resisted paying war taxes and the IRS has attached either my bank account or my salary. In 19…
0% match16 June 2011…entatives of the nation’s largest Presbyterian denomination… [met in t]he 199th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (USA)… ¶ …and reversed a 25-year-old decision defrocking a peace activist. Also Monday, the commissioners discussed “Presbyterians and Peacemaking: Are…
0% match15 July 2013…with the government’s requirement or if not, then to disobey the law so as not to violate conscience.” In commenting about the case, Lorraine Cleveland, who has been refusing to pay war taxes since 1949 and has been raising her concern within the Service Committee even longer, said, “There has never been any doubt in my mind that the Quaker peace testimony was protected by the First Amendment, and the con…
0% match4 December 2008…Meyer, who says he has earned between $13,000 and $18,000 annually since 1975, claims the IRS has managed to collect only $168 from him since 1959. He has quit jobs and moved bank accounts to prevent further collections. Michael McGrail, an IRS tax specialist, could no…
0% match28 July 2013…line budgeting. All that it collects goes where the government wants it to go, which in ever-increasing proportion goes to finance wars, past, present and future. Since 1952 I have not filed any tax returns, nor since that year have I paid any federal income tax. On December 12, 1958, on charges growing out of my refusal to pay this tax, I was given a six-month sentence, which I…
0% match28 July 2013…IRS does not practice line budgeting. All that it collects goes where the government wants it to go, which in ever-increasing proportion goes to finance wars, past, present and future. Since 1952 I have not filed any tax returns, nor since that year have I paid any federal income tax. On December 12, 1958, on charges gr…
0% match4 July 2013…, I see that the tradition had not died; it was only sleeping. It woke up in the early 1960s and regained its place as a core part of the Quaker peace testimony and a frequent topic of discussion at Quaker meetings. From the mid-1960s through the mid-1990s, hardly an issue of the journal didn’t have some discussion of war tax resistance, and there were periodic “special issues” on the subject (there was one as recently as…
0% match22 August 2013…will not be used by the military.” That’s it. Sorry. Fortunately this does seem to be the low point, and there is a steady trickle of war tax resistance mentions from 2005 to 2012 — nothing like the storm of the sixties, seventies, and eighties — but at least a flicker of the old fire. (2013, though, is looking a little sketchier… I’ve only seen one reference so far, and that one in an obituary.…
0% match26 July 2013…Also in that issue was an update on the Richard Catlett case, in which he was charged with “willfully and knowingly failing to file income tax returns for the years of 1971, 1972, and 1973” — he in fact hadn’t filed since 1947. The Brandywine Peace Community wrote in with “some fundamental questions of reality and responsibility” for Quaker taxpayers. The community ran an alternative fund “comprised of refused war taxes, pe…
0% match23 October 2003…amatically. From 1960 to 1995, the percentage of government revenue derived from payroll taxes went up from 12 to 33. In other words, Congress has quietly legislated a fundamental shift toward payroll taxes over the past thirty years; these now provide nearly as much federal revenue ($506.8 b) as the income tax ($737.5 b).…
0% match21 December 2013…say for a bit. It’s a fascinating and surprising piece of work and I think it has useful lessons for us today. The context for the essay is Czechoslovakia in 1978. The country had been behind the Iron Curtain for thirty years, and ten years had passed since the brief experiment in political liberalization known as the “Prague Spring” whi…
0% match3 June 2004…etc. and how this relates both to changing government policy and to the science of coercive interrogation and torture as it was developed by the CIA in the middle of the last century. The current U.S. government, Danner says, “made a series of decisions about methods of warfare and interrogation… [that]…
0% match27 July 2013…tation Institute (for first offenders) in Kansas City, Missouri. That will be followed by three years of probation. Richard Catlett has been an antiwar activist since 1947, refusing to file his income tax return since that time. In 1976, his health food store was closed for non-payment of taxes (it is now under his wife’s ownership), and now, at sixty-nine years of age, Richard Catlett is treated…
0% match1 November 2012…atistics to justify the creation of their group: each year Congress and local governments continue to spend 10% more than the previous year, right now, the taxpayer is spending 44% of his working time just earning enough to pay all his taxes and since 1939 state and local taxes have risen 1700% (WOW!). The NTU hopes to mobilize enough support by the creation of local groups and cooperati…
0% match27 July 2013… — is beginning his jail sentence of two months at the Kansas City Municipal Rehabilitation Institute (for first offenders) in Kansas City, Missouri. That will be followed by three years of probation. Richard Catlett has been an antiwar activist since 1947, refusing to file his income tax return since that time. In 1976, his health food store was closed for non-payment of taxes (it is now under h…
0% match22 October 2014…are Quakers. Eventually, though, this begins to embolden the remaining American Quaker war tax resisters and to rekindle interest in the Society of Friends. The renaissance (1959–1991) The cold war nuclear arms race and the Vietnam War cause a resurgence of war tax resistance in the Society of Friends around the world, from Japan to Norway. By…
0% match21 January 2011…Peacemakers and eighty local groups. Nineteen eighty-three featured the largest show of war tax resistance actions in ten years, including Ralph Dull, an Ohio farmer and tax resister since 1951, who drove a truckload of grain to the IRS office as payment for his taxes. The…
0% match5 January 2013…ile a tax return.” Catlett isn’t embarrassed to be going behind bars. “I have absolutely no regrets,” Catlett said last week. “I’m unregenerate, proud of what I’ve done.” Catlett sees his refusal to pay federal taxes since 1947 as a moral issue, not a legal one. “It’s immoral to pay someone to do what it would be immoral to do yourself,” he said. “War is immoral, and I can’t pay taxes that will buy war.”…
0% match15 January 2004…Action: Radical Pacifism From the Union Eight to the Chicago Seven, which, coincidentally, I’ve just finished reading. The movement chronicled in this book includes many of the movers-and-shakers in the war tax resistance movement in the middle of the last century in the United States, which is part of what drew me to read it (war tax resistance only features in a small part of the book). The story in summary is about a small, dedicated core of acti…
0% match23 October 2003…its. There are actually two distinct payroll taxes: a 12.4% one to fund Social Security, and a 2.9% one to fund Medicare. While income tax rates have declined for most families in recent decades, payroll taxes have increased dramatically. From 1960 to 1995, the percentage of government revenue derived from payroll taxes went up from 12 to 33. In other words, Congress has quietly legislated a fundamental shift toward payroll taxes over…
0% match23 November 2003…t’s much more difficult to evade than the income tax and I quoted an article that said “more than 79 percent of U.S. families now pay more in payroll taxes than in federal income taxes” and “from 1960 to 1995, the percentage of government revenue derived from payroll taxes went up from 12 to 33.” All this presents a problem for a tax resister like myself. My goal is to stop paying for things like ne…
0% match4 March 2010…Seattle (AP) — Irwin Hogenauer doesn’t fret or fume as tax deadline nears. The 70-year-old Quaker and war protester just keeps doing what he’s done since 1948 — refuse to pay. To protest spending taxes on the military, Hogenauer hasn’t filed a tax return for 35 years. “I’ve lived a life of principle and I’ll continue to stand by it,” he says.…
0% match12 January 2012…IRS seizure is nearly complete, Harvey said his views on tax resistance haven’t changed and he has no plans to pay any money to the federal government. Harvey has not paid federal taxes since 1959, and Gravalos hasn’t paid since 1972. Supporter Jim Stockwell of Albion said, “I think (Harvey and Gravalos are) very proud of what they’re doing.” Stockwell pr…
0% match12 January 2012…1996: War Tax Resistance and Blueberry Fields Forever Arthur Harvey has not filed a federal tax return or paid income tax since 1959. His partner, Elizabeth Gravalos hasn’t filed or paid since 1972. Until recently, the Internal Revenue Service gave them little trouble. “They visited us twice, o…
0% match6 May 2012…ompost system for solid waste. “I just don’t think it’s realistic,” Gravalos said, referring to buyers who may be interested in purchasing the house. The couple call themselves tax resisters and Harvey hasn’t paid federal taxes since 1959 and Gravalos since 1972 as a way of protesting the government’s use of nuclear weapons and its policies on sending American troops and weapons overseas. The…
0% match6 May 2012…k and informed the couple that the federal agency was seizing all of their property as payment for unpaid taxes and penalties. The visit was not entirely a surprise for the couple since Harvey hasn’t paid any federal income taxes since 1959, and Gravalos since 1972. The two are politically opposed to the government’s use of nuclear weapons and its policies of sending American troops and weapons overseas, they…
0% match30 January 2012…n to being pacifists). When we first thought about Federal income taxes, most of which go for war or “defense,” we simplistically considered ourselves exempt because we had no income; no salaries are paid at the Catholic Worker, nor ever have been since we started in 1933. I myself have been questioned because of my writings, and lecture fees which were not really fees but offerings made to the work which covered all expenses of travelling and supported the wo…
0% match21 March 2007…ustry Booster, Let’s Have Another Moon Shot, Increase the House of Representatives Payroll, and Bailout State Health Insurance Boondoggles for the Children Act should come to a vote any time now. Steven Landsburg, in Slate reports on the increase in leisure time among Americans over the last 40 years — particularly among people at the poorer end of the economic scale.…
0% match12 July 2007…Ken and Noreen Gingerich. Excerpts: Ken Gingerich of Johnson County said, “I feel the military budget in this country and military spending is way out of line.” For 40 years, Gingerich and his wife Noreen have done their best to make sure their taxes do not fund any sort of violence. Ken said, “We’ve either lived below the taxable income or withheld a portion of o…
0% match27 September 2007…rces tied up in maintaining a warfare state that otherwise could be used for useful purposes. According to the U.S. Department of Defense, during the four decades from 1947 through 1987 it used (in 1982 dollars) $7.62 trillion in capital resources. In 1985, the Department of Commerce e…
0% match19 April 2006…David B. Berrian ain’t buying it: I can’t do this any more. I will no longer pay for war — the murder of civilians — with my tax dollars. For more than 40 years, I have paid federal taxes accurately and regularly. I’ve often supported new taxes when the proceeds would help people. Now I have to stop. Attached is my 2005 tax return that s…
0% match14 September 2005…ier) came to regret passing a bill appropriating $20,000 of other peoples’ money for the assistance of those who were left homeless and suffering in the wake of a large fire in Georgetown. For an overview of federal incomes and outgoes over the last forty years, there’s always the numbers from the Congressional Budget Office. (Hint: 11 years ago, the feds sp…
0% match12 December 2003…consistency of cost overruns and delayed deliveries.”… Five years into the project, some aspects are as much as 27 months behind schedule.… The I.R.S. went four decades with the same system because two previous modernization attempts, the most recent in the mid-1990’s, failed, costing taxpayers $4 billion.……
0% match5 August 2013…war activity. There were instances in World War Ⅱ of individual Friends refusing to pay war taxes, and the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting officially protested against certain war taxes, but the main movement against war taxes has occurred since 1945. During the Cold War and particularly during Vietnam, war tax resistance has become a major theme in Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, since…
0% match1 October 2012…is in a way a school of living). So we do not need to pay federal income taxes. The Other Side Another Christian activist magazine, The Other Side, published between 1965 and 2005. Staff member Dee Dee Risher said: “We’ve built into our workplace certain small disciplines to remind ourselves that we are on this path of conversion. Our salaries are structured to allow staff m…
0% match1 February 2008…The Ruckus Society — a nonviolent direct action training group — has signed on to the Don’t Buy Bush’s War campaign: Say No to War Tax In the 40 years since Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated for the audacity of his dreams, the “militarism, materialism and racism” he warned would be our downfall have…
0% match6 December 2004…dividends paid by businesses. In 2002, the gap between these two figures reached $961.1 billion or 13.7 percent of the Commerce Department’s estimate of AGI. This is the largest gap since figures began to be collected in 1959. It suggests that the federal government is losing at least $100 billion per year just due to the non-reporting of taxable income on personal tax returns.…
0% match27 January 2005…ear Total adjusted gross income was just over $6 trillion, 2.2% less than the previous year Taxable income dropped 4% to $4.1 trillion Total income tax fell 10.2% to $797.0 billion (“This was the largest percentage decrease since 1958.”) 103.5 million returns (80%!) came from taxpayers who had overpaid their taxes and were due a refund (meaning they gave the government a free loan during the year) From this last poin…
0% match27 November 2004…n we can kill them, progressives opposed to warmaking simply can’t deny a moral imperative: don’t turn your productivity over to the warmakers.… Karl Meyer, a pacifist guide for numerous war tax refusers, a man who hasn’t paid his taxes since 1960, takes a harder line than I do, but without his perspective I never would have been drawn into allowing the IRS to become my spiritua…
0% match10 April 2012…stop paying. Now I put all of my energy on the side of my values instead of being a reluctant part­time worker for the Pentagon.” Jan and David Hartsough of San Francisco, California, have been resisting the federal telephone excise tax since 1968, and today they also refuse to pay half of their federal income tax. “The U.S. Government has already taken Cindy’s son for the immoral and illega…
0% match24 April 2004…an spent at the height of the U.S.-Soviet standoff. It exceeds by over 50 percent the average annual sum ($4.2 billion) that the United States spent — again, in real dollars — throughout the four and a half decades of the Cold War. There is no nuclear arms race going on now. The world no longer offers many suitable nuclear targets. President Bush is trying to persuade other nations — especia…
0% match12 January 2012…lueberry fields. It’s not that the 72-year-old organic farmer, inspector and book seller has filed early this year. Instead, Harvey, who lives with his family across from the town office on Main Street, has not paid federal income taxes since about 1959. He won’t pay because he is opposed to where his dollars would be spent. “My fundamental objection is to nuclear weapons,” he said Thursday while seated at a small table off his kitchen, sur…
0% match23 February 2012…a graph that shows how the percentage of Americans has been rising who are neither federal income tax payers nor a dependent of someone who is.…
0% match6 August 2005…the height of the U.S.-Soviet standoff. It exceeds by over 50 percent the average annual sum ($4.2 billion) that the United States spent — again, in real dollars — throughout the four and a half decades of the Cold War. U.S. policy & Osama’s creed…
0% match14 June 2005…tax in protest against the American war on Mexico hardly stopped the war. But the resonance of that most unpunishing and briefest spell of imprisonment (famously, a single night in jail) has not ceased to inspire principled resistance to injustice through the second half of the twentieth century and into our new era. The movement in the late 1980s to shut down the Nevada Test Site, a key location for the nuclear arms race, fai…
0% match4 February 2008…Ralph DiGia died last Friday at age 93. He was among the direct-action pacifists who forged the American anti-war movement in the last half of the twentieth century. Imprisoned as a conscientious objector during World War Ⅱ (he didn’t qualify for conscientious objector status because he couldn’t provide a religious reason for his obje…
0% match16 April 2013…ection for citizens who want their taxes to be diverted from the Pentagon maw. The legislation is not likely to pass in this or the next millennium. Its value may be for historians, ones who will ask how and why so many ordinary Americans in the late 20th century said or did nothing about their government squandering its wealth on militarism. In this current darkness, a few lights shine. Honorable dissent may be only flickering, bu…
0% match16 April 2013…aming the world on trade missions to hustle more customers for the U.S. weapons industry. Client states include such habitual violators of human rights as Turkey, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Since 1945, uncountable dictators to whom the United States has supplied weapons turned them on their own people. From Sunday through Wednesday, the annual arms bazaar — the “Con…
0% match16 April 2013…and Catholic” was “extensive and abject.” Religious leaders “were men of God second and Germans first.” They blessed state violence. As the main military force that defeated the Nazis, the United States has been able to position itself since 1945 on the moral high ground and, with furrowed brow, ponder in astonishment why so few Germans protested their government’s well-organized barbarity. If a cold eye is to be cast on Germany’s behavior…
0% match23 October 2003…illegally) refuse to pay those taxes. Or you can be a member of a religious group that is conscientiously opposed to insurance (for instance because “god will provide”), that supports its dependent members, and that has existed continuously since 1950. The Amish are an example of such a religious group; I’m not sure which other ones qualify. There’s an interesting artic…
0% match23 November 2003…d economy, or work as an independent contractor and simply (illegally) refuse to pay those taxes. Or you can be a member of a religious group that is conscientiously opposed to insurance (for instance because “god will provide”), that supports its dependent members, and that has existed continuously since 1950. The Amish are an example of such a religious group; I’m not sure which other ones qualify. Can you think of any other techniques?…
0% match15 August 2004…15 August 2004 Today: a roundup of some things I’ve found on-line: Silence and Courage: Income Taxes, War and Mennonites 1940–1993: An interesting paper from the Mennonite Central Committee that gives a good overview of the history of the income tax and its close association with war. If it seems awful to you that f…
0% match12 January 2005…ional programs. Others wept. ¶ This, alas, is roughly the situation of Western or at least American evangelicalism today.… If Christians do not live what they preach, the whole thing is a farce. “American Christianity has largely failed since the middle of the twentieth century,” Barna concludes, “because Jesus’ modern-day disciples do not act like Jesus.” This scandalous behavior mocks Christ, undermines evangelism, and destroys Christian credibili…
0% match9 August 2013…owing their money would be used for life-affirming purposes. William Davidson, retired Episcopal bishop of western Kansas, a CO in World War Ⅱ, has actively opposed war since 1939. “Having lived past draft age, I have been saddened and conflicted each year having to pay taxes to support war,” he said. The Episcopal Peace Fellowship has consistently supported war tax resistance as a…
0% match18 October 2005…in 2004, some 42.5 million Americans (one-third of all filers) filed a tax return but had no tax liability after taking advantage of their credits and deductions. Figure 1 shows the percentage of non-payers between 1950 and 2004. During that period, non-payers averaged 22 percent of all taxfilers. Today, however, non-payers account for 32 percent of all taxfilers, a nearly 50 percent increase in the number of non-payers…
0% match18 October 2005…Percent of Tax Filers Who Owe Zero Federal Income Tax, 1950–2004 Tax Foundation economists estimate that in 2004, some 42.5 million Americans (one-third of all filers) filed a tax return but had no tax li…
0% match12 December 2011…siness executives, organizations, bureaucrats, and the like. “The Neglected Costs of the Warfare State: An Austrian Tribute to Seymour Melman” — Melman was the Winslow Wheeler of his time, keeping a watchful and critical eye on the military budget and both its inherent and extravagant waste. This article looks in particular at the opportunity costs of military spending, and at the…
0% match25 July 2006…I have this friend who’s made a sign — she goes to peace parades but she stands with that and says “don’t buy this war” — “I Haven’t Bought a Bomb Since 1971.” And I’m going to revise it and say I haven’t bought a bomb since 1948.… Chris Floyd made a similar point a couple of months back:…
0% match27 January 2014…a letter to the government announcing his resistance. At War Tax Talk, Ruth Benn profiles Robin Harper, who has been a war tax resister since 1958. There are some interesting artifacts from the poll tax rebellion of the waning years of the Thatcher era over at the Anarchist Federation w…
0% match4 July 2013…1967 edition of the Quaker periodical Friends Journal. That inspired me to hunt around on-line and see if there were any other copies in the archives. I was able to find a complete set, or close to it anyway, from 1955 to the present. And there’s a tremendous amount of material about war tax resistance in those pages. War tax resistance, which had been such a core part of Quaker practice in America…
0% match22 October 2014…reports of American Friends and Meetings, leaving out much of what may have been happening elsewhere. They also leave time gaps. The first stops at the end of the 19th century; the second covers the period from 1955 to the present. I’ve tried to supplement this with material from other sources when I could find it. There seem to me to be some distinct “periods” of Quaker war tax resistance:…
0% match5 July 2005…o, Inge Donato, and Kevin McKee join the tax resisters hall of fame as three of the only thirty-five or so conscientious tax resisters to be jailed for their resistance since World War Ⅱ. One of the lawyers on the case says that he believes these are “the first pacifis…
0% match1 April 2011…in New York City. Then there are the criminal penalties. Tax evasion, “willful failure to pay,” and fraud can land a person in federal court, according to the IRS. In the past 60 years, 30 people have gone to jail, typically for one to three months, on resistance-related charges, Hedemann says. Some were convicted of fraud, usually claiming too many dependents. The bulk of convict…
0% match2 August 2007…caught my eye: A profile of J. Tony Serra, the radical defense lawyer and long-time tax resister who is “one of two war tax resisters since World War Ⅱ to have been jailed for ‘willful failure to pay’ federal income taxes.” A report from Bill Ramsey on his a…
0% match24 May 2007…ed out by a long history of war tax resisters. According to the War Resister’s League, tens of thousands of Americans — including Dorothy Day, Joan Baez and Noam Chomsky — have at some point resorted to civil disobedience by not paying their taxes since World War Ⅱ. Some resisters have deliberately chosen to live below the poverty line to avoid paying taxes, while others simply do not pay part or all of what the government demands for its addiction…
0% match7 June 2007…n’s budget dropped from a peacetime high of $376 billion, at the end of President Ronald Reagan’s military buildup in 1989, to a low of $265 billion in 1996. (That compares to post-World War Ⅱ wartime highs of $437 billion in 1953, during the Korean War, and $388 billion in 1968, at the peak of the War in Vietnam.) After the Sovie…
0% match22 April 2013…ama’s local CBS news station. And take a gander at this photo of Juanita Nelson holding her “Haven’t Paid Taxes Since 1948” sign on tax day outside the downtown post office in Brattleboro, Vermont. Here’s a bit more about the tax resistance campaign that activists for Catalan independence are engaged…
0% match31 January 2008…31 January 2008 I just recently learned that the newsletters of the Syracuse Peace Council from 1936 to the present day are available on-line. This makes for an interesting historical walk-through of the concerns of the anti-war movements. There are interesting bits of war tax resistance history to be found there. For instance,…
0% match4 March 2010…From the 4 March 1978 Spokane Daily Chronicle: Irwin Hogenauer (1912–1984) Tax Protest Techniques Told Military expenditures take up 53 percent of the national budget, “a disproportionate amount,” but there are ways to protest…
0% match26 May 2008…26 May 2008 (1935–2008) From time to time, individual Quakers or Quaker delegations would meet wi…
0% match17 April 2013…“pay no taxes until June so the government cannot pay the bonuses and treat itself to a good time.” The American Enterprise Institute has issued a new edition of their useful compendium of poll results: Public Opinion on Taxes: 1937 to Today.…
0% match1 August 2013…ing indifferent to other man-made sources of suffering, for instance “our transporation system [which] has brought more death and injury to U.S. citizens than all the wars of the 20th century.” The national security establishment is just a large-scale version of such thoroughly moral defenses as “police forces and locks on houses” — they are n…
0% match9 January 2004…atants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-of-the-envelope calculations show that that comes to about two and a half million each year, about 6,500 per day, about one every 13 seconds. Even as a public health problem, tha…
0% match9 January 2004…One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-o…
0% match9 January 2004…Telemarketers Maybe it’s a little phobic to worry so much about the possibility of your neighbors turning into cogs in a mass killing machine. Maybe not. One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th…
0% match15 November 2006…in the gunsights of the Fox News set and the Republican talking points generators. The JROTC has been doing its thing in San Francisco’s public schools for 90 years now. “It’s basically a branding program, or a recruiting program for the military,” said Board member Dan Kelly. Students get school credit for participating in the program, which is funded 50/50 by the school…
0% match15 April 2005…th anniversary of Gandhi’s salt march: …The baseline fact is that the various Nation-States of this small and lonely planet have murdered around 200 million people in wars and internal conflicts during these [last 90] years. They have indirectly destroyed many millions more lives through Corporate-State institutionalized economic exploitation and ecological destruction. From these facts arise the questions…
0% match15 April 2005…on is the expropriation of private property under threat of violence. What is this if not theft? What is theft if not violence? Is this what Gandhi taught?… From whence comes the finance for Nation-States to murder 200 million people in the past 90 years? It comes from taxes mostly. Who paid the taxes? Was it not us as citizens? So, who financed the murder and who is responsible?… Peace is, at minimum, the absence of violence or threat of v…
0% match21 October 2010…the former). Perhaps the most fundamental tenet of all international norms is that a sovereign refrain from use of or threat of force in its relations with other countries. This policy has been consistently expressed in various forms as early as 1899 to the present. In the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, J…
0% match30 June 2011…of death travelled over the world today and visited each person, man woman and child, and killed with its breath every tenth person it visited, it would extinguish fewer lives than the governments of the world will murder off of the field of war in the next hundred years.” Someone muttered “anarchist” and turned on his heel and left with his family, and that’s when Leon became an anarchist. He shot and killed William McKinley, then president of the United…
0% match30 December 2003…Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an eye toward finding some sort of strategy for making them less likely or not as awful in the next century. He explores these events from a number of angles — asking how the people who advocated t…
0% match30 December 2003…David M. Gross I’ve also been reading an interesting book — Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an ey…
0% match28 January 2004…creature, like “Zeus” or “Fate” or “the wheels of history.” It’s a piece of shorthand, a literary device, but not an actual agent in the world we live in. It’s also the “bad faith” excuse behind much of the worst parts of the 20th century. I’ve done a casual read-through of the literature about the theory of government, and about anarchism, and I’ve had a hard time finding anything that se…
0% match27 June 2005…it is a profoundly dangerous situation for the American people. Mass murder of civilians is rarely the work of lonesome nuts operating totally outside of societal norms and beliefs. On the contrary, scratch the surface of most of the horrors of the twentieth century, and you will find a cold, cruel belief that the victims brought it upon themselves. Everyone shakes their head and loudly condemns the atrocity once the bodies are cold and deep under the earth…
0% match24 October 2004…U.S. experience in democratic nation building is daunting. The low rate of success is a sobering reminder that these are among the most difficult foreign policy ventures for the United States. Of the sixteen such efforts during the past century, democracy was sustained in only four cases ten years after the departure of U.S. forces. Two of these followed the total defeat and surrender…
0% match24 June 2007…h about a third of those who responded assumed that war tax resisters are likely to be imprisoned, in reality, you can almost count on your fingers the number of people who have done any time behind bars for war tax resistance in the United States in the last hundred years. Former war tax resisters, who might be expected to have more understanding of the consequences, listed jail as a likely consequence on only 6.4% of their surveys. Would they consider a o…
0% match23 May 2007…ematic production of conditions which undermine whatever positive cultural containment is in place.” Propaganda is crucial to this deliberate and systematic production of the conditions for collective evildoing. “In all cases of genocide in the twentieth century, the action… typically assumes the character of self-defense.… If there is a mentality characteristic of genocidal perpetrators, it is that of self-righteousness.” In what Vetlesen calls…
0% match19 March 2003…, no? I also believe that because I have free will, I’m responsible for the actions I choose — I cannot rent out my conscience to another person, army, government, corporation, majority or law-book. It’s not just unwise, given the history of the last century, but it is literally impossible. Each of my decisions is a decision I choose based on what I anticipate the consequences will be. I may take into account what the law says, or what the Bible sa…
0% match19 March 2003…, but ultimately I’m the one making the choice. If I ignore my conscience, I’m committing a particularly dangerous form of suicide — choking off the guardian of my free will and leaving behind the sort of dangerous robot who’s spent the last hundred years swerving from cradle to grave building gulags and genetically engineering more evil forms of smallpox. Not for me. Then what of my choice whether or not to pay the federal income tax? The…
0% match19 August 2007…ent”? The traditional alternative that has been offered to the prevailing economic model has been some form of state socialism. “But,” McKibben writes, “one real benefit of living in the twenty-first century is that the twentieth taught us an awful lot about what didn’t work.… It’s a great luxury for us to not even have to entertain the possibility that state socialism might be the way out of our troubles.” The something di…
0% match13 May 2005…lent Arab movements often ignore Palestinian resistance to Israel’s ‘security barrier’: The uprisings aren’t aligned with U.S. interests.” For much of the twentieth century, the chief means of overthrowing a government were guerilla warfare and military coups. Nonviolent resistance existed — at times it thrived — but it was generally regarded as an odd aberration t…
0% match11 November 2004…re) to declare our natural goodness and their natural badness is one thing, but that anyone believes there is an inherently moral distinction which can be defined geographically or racially means people just haven’t been paying attention to what the 20th century — of which the Milgram study was little more than a reiteration and foreshadowing — made hideously clear. Tell people to go to war, and mostly they will. Tell them to piss on…
0% match7 August 2004…ps, the only people at liberty will be prison guards who will then have to lock up one another. When only one remains, he will be called the “supreme guard,” and that will be the ideal society in which problems of opposition, the headache of all twentieth-century governments, will be settled once and for all. Of course, this is but a prophecy and, although governments and police forces throughout the world are striving, with great good will, to achi…
0% match7 April 2003…, and I will take all the blame if things go bad.” That’s snake oil. Can’t be done. It’s like a perpetual motion machine. And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing the…
0% match7 April 2003…And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing them into gas chambers, etc. thinking all the while that it wasn’t th…
0% match5 August 2007…d over our collective heads. This system of organizing a society of six billion human beings doesn’t work. Its institutionalized structural violence is destroying humanity and the earth. States have murdered more than 230 million human beings in the past 100 years. A system that places the power of planetary incineration into the hands of a few psychopathically aggressive tyrants is clearly insane. It is impossible to reform a system whose very foundation is…
0% match29 August 2005…xation is the fuel of war” — a phrase found in the L. Neil Smith essay from which these excerpts are taken: Since the beginning of the 20th century, Western populations have gradually become accustomed to higher and higher rates of taxation. Americans are presently commanded to stand and deliver…
0% match24 May 2005…a repeal of the tax but President Clinton vetoed it; new legislation is targeting it for repeal again. If Congress hasn’t been able to get rid of this “temporary” tax for 107 years, I won’t hold my breath. But I may not have to — the phone tax is starting to decay in the face of modern communication technology without much help from the politicians. The internet is part of this.…
0% match29 August 2005…umes could — and have — been written about the economic and social damage this kind of taxation does to a culture. But what concerns me here is that taxation is the fuel of war. Warfare of the kind witnessed for the first time only in the 19th and 20th centuries, warfare that kills tens of millions in the space of only a few years, warfare that snuffs out whole cities in the blink of an eye, is…
0% match12 November 2005…Bush took office (and he did take it), his government has borrowed $1.05 trillion. That is to say, over one thousand billion. Remember how many a billion is? $1.05 trillion is more than the total borrowed by every administration between 1776 and 2000 ($1.01 trillion). The mind implodes. Half of this nation’s debt in 224 years, the other half since Junior Bush got the top job. Remember how far away the sun is? We have spent enough d…
0% match5 August 2013…as an extract from J. William Frost’s Tax Court testimony in the Deming case, in which he explained the Quaker war tax resistance practice: The peace testimony has been a basic part of Quaker religious belief since the 1660s. The testimony has not been static; it has evolved over time as Friends thought out the implications of what it meant to be a bringer of peace. Some of the most creative actions of members of…
0% match1 March 2013…to military tax payment on the part of CFS employees will be accepted as an appropriate stance, in keeping with the Friends Peace Testimony established and upheld by Quakers since its original expression in 1660.” At present, the letter is in the hands of the IRS. Regardless of the outcome, the school…