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100% match31 March 2010…y in 1927, with Vivien as president. “I started with one man and vast ignorance,” she recalls. By the time the Kellems sold the company to Harvey Hubbell Inc. in 1962, it was a flourishing enterprise with 135 employees. Since the company was not public, the amount received was not disclosed. “I loved the cable grip business,” Ms. Kellems says. “Men always try to hide th…
100% match29 October 2010…Samoa. The mandatory power was going to the limit of its patience before resorting to stronger measures. The commission will further examine the report to-morrow. Western Samoa finally gained its independence in 1962, after a campaign of nonviolent resistance in which tax resistance played a role. Is there an “Eastern” Samoa? Yep. It’s called “American Samoa” and it’s not independent — it’s a “possession” of the Un…
100% match28 July 2013…ch is run by the Lewisburg penitentiary. Some two years my release from Allenwood, in May of 1959, the Presbytery of Cincinnati, on charges quite unrelated to the real issues, suspended me as a minister. In May, 1962, this action was upheld by the General Assembly, the highest court of the denomination. In February of 1963 the presbytery declared my ordination to the ministry no longer va…
100% match21 January 2007…21 January 2007 Thoreau’s journals, almost all of them, were finally published in a 14-volume set in 1906. The 1962 version I’m working with compresses this into two books by printing on each page, four pages from the 1906 set. The first of these books was checked out fifteen times…
100% match17 May 2011…uspension. The Ohio Synod will meet June 13–16 at Muskingum College. If it reviews and upholds the presbytery’s judgment, Mr. McCrackin can appeal to the general assembly of the church in Denver, in May, 1962. Mr. McCrackin came to St. Barnabas Episcopal Church in 1945 when it was merged with West Cincinnati Presbyterian Church. He…
100% match16 May 2012…from the Niagara Falls Gazette from fifty years ago today (the accompanying article comes from…
100% match16 June 2011…y on Monday night voted unanimously to restore the Rev. Maurice McCrackin, an 81-year-old Cincinnati pastor, to the ministry. McCrackin was defrocked in 1962 by the then-United Presbyterian Church (USA) because of his repeated refusal to pay federal income taxes that support the military.…
100% match11 July 2013…“Taxes for Violence” In the 1 April issue appeared a brief article by Alfred Andersen entitled “Taxes for Violence.” While Mildred Binns Young’s article on revitalizing the Quaker peace testimony back in late 1962 (see ♇ 9 July 2013) had suggested war tax resistance in the course of its larger argument, Andersen’s article was the first one that was both devoted to the subject of w…
100% match9 July 2013…ying or refusing to pay their taxes, now that much of our government’s funds is spent on violence, and to consider the Meeting’s possible response to the needs of Friends and their families if individuals conscientiously refuse to pay.” The 15 December issue reported the results of a survey of 350 adult members of the Baltimore Yearly Meetings concerning the peace testimony, and bemoaned “the lack of responsible feeling about personal financial policy, so…
100% match9 July 2013…x refusals as the most conspicuous witness were discussed.” All of these mentions are conspicuously incidental: brief surfacings of war tax resistance in the context of a discussion of something else. In “‘A Place to Stand In’” in the 1 December issue, Mildred Binns Young cast a suspicious eye on the middle-class ordinariness of the current Society of Friends, when contrasted to the crucible of sufferings in which the Society had been born. “If frie…
100% match9 July 2013…re under its coverage of, and practice of, confrontational Quaker activism.) Baltimore Yearly Meetings The Baltimore Yearly Meetings seem to have had a burst of interest in war tax resistance around this time, and an article in the 1 October issue gives the credit to “Mildred Binns Young’s lecture” (which I believe the just-quoted article above was based on). One “concern” expressed at the Joint Meetings for Business of the Baltimore Yea…
100% match9 July 2013…ganization or another good cause, but we were informed that this was not permitted.” A report in the 1 August issue on the “round tables” that had taken place at the Friends General Conference in New Jersey in June, mentioned a round table discussion on “The Visible Witness: Friends and Direct-Action Projects” at which it was noted that “Avoiding a martyr complex is important. Vigils and tax refusals as the most conspi…
100% match9 July 2013…are paid. Some of us asked to be transferred to another schedule so that we might withhold tax and send the equivalent to the World Health Organization or another good cause, but we were informed that this was not permitted.” A report in the 1 August issue on the “round tables” that had taken place at the Friends General Conference in New Jersey in June, mentioned a round table discussion on “The Visible Witness: Frien…
100% match9 July 2013…Friends are responsible for a part of their tax problem if they retain more money than is needed during their lifetime. We pay taxes on the value of our property in addition to the income from it. An opening editorial in the 1 June issue on the subject of “Direct Action,” asked, in passing: “Does the refusal to pay taxes still deserve the name of direct action when the objector has a bank deposit waiting to be confiscated?” A late…
100% match9 July 2013…9 July 2013 War tax resistance in the Friends Journal in 1962 An odd article leading off the 1 April issue begins: “It is timely to remind Friends that during the first third of our almost three centuries in America Friends did not pay taxes; nor were they taxed.” The author, Godfrey Klinger, quotes a historian about the aversion of the se…
100% match9 July 2013…9 July 2013 War tax resistance in the Friends Journal in 1962 An odd article leading off the 1 April issue begins: “It is timely to remind Friends that during the first third of our almost three centuries in America Friends did not pay taxes; nor were they taxed.” The author, Godfrey Klinger, quotes a historian about the aversion of the se…
100% match9 July 2013…23 February 1963 “Open panel discussion on tax refusal… sponsored by Baltimore Yearly Meetings Joint Peace Committee” featuring the speakers “Jesse Yaukey, Lawrence Scott, and Oliver Stone.” Remembering Quaker history In the 1 March issue, LaVerne Hill Forbush looked back at “Suffering of Friends in Maryland, 1658–1810” and noted that between 1744 and 1810 there were 296 c…
100% match9 July 2013…1 October issue gives the credit to “Mildred Binns Young’s lecture” (which I believe the just-quoted article above was based on). One “concern” expressed at the Joint Meetings for Business of the Baltimore Yearly Meetings in August “advised all member Monthly Meetings to consider the responsibilities of Friends in paying or refusing to pay their taxes, now that much of our government’s funds is spent on violence, and to consider the Mee…
100% match9 July 2013…encouraging that not far from half would be willing to tax themselves in some degree for support of the United Nations. (This has been a growing concern, judging by the increase in such contributions.) Drifting a bit from 1962 to keep this line of thought intact, I find in a future issue a calendar notice for a 23 February 1963 “Open panel discussion on tax refusal… sponsored by Baltimore Yearly Meetings Joi…
100% match9 April 2010…U.S. government budget going to pay interest on the money borrowed to finance our deficit spending. A more immediate implication of these twin deficits will likely mean far fewer dollars available to spend on defense. In 1962 defense spending accounted for some 49% of total government expenditures, but by 2008 had dropped to 20% of total government spending. Following current trend lines, by…
100% match7 July 2013…incinnati presbytery for its ‘unduly severe’ judgment and the lack of proof that the minister had disturbed the peace of the Church, as the local presbytery had charged.” They told the local presbytery to try again. The following year, in the 1 September 1962 issue, a brief notice mentions that the United Presbyterian General Assembly approved McCracken’s dismissal, and notes that 28 members of his church have split off from the Presbyterians as a result an…
100% match7 July 2013…dence of overlap between the people advocating this and the people rekindling interest in war tax resistance, but the fact that this was in the air probably helped to shape the “peace tax” plans and redirection efforts that followed. One note in the 1 September 1962 issue does seem to suggest that war tax redirection was one motivation for people participating in this voluntary U.N. tax project:…
100% match7 April 2004…CIO Magazine goes into more detail about their upgrade trauma: The Internal Revenue Service’s Master File.… still runs code from 1962, written in an archaic programming language almost no one alive understands. Every year, programmers, some who have worked at the IRS for decade…
100% match6 March 2013…New York City 10012 (212) 477‒2970.” The sticker also depicts a hand on the receiver of a phone. Kiger tried a First Amendment defense, but the court wasn’t buying it — it found him guilty and fined him $10. In 1962, Kiger had refused to be conscripted into the military, and had also refused to be drafted into an alternative civilian service position for conscientious objectors, and he was sentenced to two years in prison for his r…
100% match6 August 2005…f. As described by former CIA analyst Peter Vincent Pry in his book War Scare, it was “a clerical error” that brought the world closer to nuclear war than at any time since October 1962. And while Americans don’t wring their hands in public about nuclear weapons like they used to in the days of Dr.…
100% match3 May 2010…We Won’t Pay: A Tax Resistance Reader). A few more data points: From the 25 October 1962 Sumter Daily Item (excerpt): Since 1954, when farmers were included in the Social Security system…
25% match27 February 2006…ness enthusiasm for the war sprang from military developments in Vietnam, but was also spurred by war-related economic doldrums (which have resonance today). As Small explains, “For many economists, the last truly good years for the economy were 1962–65 with almost full employment, very low inflation and a favorable balance of trade.” As the war escalated, “an increasingly unfavorable balance of trade, related in part to spending for the war abroad, contribu…
25% match4 July 2013…“thou”s, and only an eccentric fringe of Quakers considered it a living practice. But, from reviewing the back issues of Friends Journal, I see that the tradition had not died; it was only sleeping. It woke up in the early 1960s and regained its place as a core part of the Quaker peace testimony and a frequent topic of discussion at Quaker meetings. From the mid-1960s through the mid-1990s, hard…
20% match31 October 2006…ing system. Gigantic cost overruns and seemingly unstoppable schedule drift have been the norm for years now. As one recent summary puts it: “The IRS relies heavily on an early-1960s magnetic tape system encoded with an obsolete computer language to process tax returns.” Modern Mechanix recently scanned in and posted…
20% match27 August 2013…nt become immoral, it becomes immoral to support them.” An obituary notice for Gordon Mervin Browne in the June issue noted that “they [Gordon and his wife Edith Carlton Browne] were military tax resisters in early 1960s.” A book review in the November issue summarized the use of tax resistance in the First Intifada this way: [Maxine] Kaufman-Lac…
20% match19 August 2013…to Caesar…” episode, as its interpretation is not so simple as its vulgar usage may suggest. An obituary notice for Edith Carlton Browne in the same issue noted that “[s]he and [her husband] Gordon became military tax resisters in the early 1960s, and she continued that witness throughout her life.” Another obituary, for Lorraine Ketchum Cleveland, said that “[i]n 1949 she became a war-tax refuser in a case that event…
12% match12 April 2011…imes trials, they did not want to contribute voluntarily to a government policy which they feel is immoral. E. Russell Stabler, a special associate professor of mathematics at Hofstra University who has not paid the balance due on his income tax since 1962, said: “I feel we are bound by a higher law. We canot abide by the U.S. income tax law and at the same time avoid responsibility for criminal acts…
11% match3 May 2010…From the 25 October 1962 Sumter Daily Item (excerpt): Since 1954, when farmers were included in the Social Security system, the Amish and the government have battled over the Amish farmers’ refusal to pay Social Security premiums. Internal Revenue agents moved to collec…
10% match19 July 2013…ome taxes from thirty-two thousand five hundred dollars to a bit more than seven thousand dollars. Robin explained: “Under duress, I sent IRS income tax returns for 1958 through 1967 to set the record straight — a clear comporomise in order to protect our family from great financial hardship should IRS proce…
10% match19 July 2013…Conscientiously opposed to participation in war of any form, Robin began his tax resistance in 1958 in opposition to the nuclear arms race. The war in Indochina has deepened his conviction. He insists that during the 10 years between 1958 and 1967 he contributed $3,385 to “organizations engaged in constructive programs designed to repair ravages of war abroad and counteract the ugly wounds inflicted by segregation and discrim…
10% match30 July 2013…nd of the books, of which the reviewer said: “Most useful, I think, is the section entitled, ‘How to Refuse to Pay the Military Tax.’” The same issue had an obituary for Lois Mae Handsaker which noted: “Before there were any peace marches in the ’60s, she was apprehended during the picketing of the local post office to protest the use of income taxes for war.” The 1 April issue announced that the Iowa Peace Networ…
10% match26 November 2005…ue figure is as much as 50 per cent, according to ten years of research by Timothy Jones at the University of Arizona. …Adam Weissman, a freegan activist and sometime security guard in New Jersey, says freeganism grew out of the radical 1960s “yippie” movement but also has affinities with the hobos of the Great Depression who travelled around the country by stealing rides on the railways. “I have pity for people who have not figured out thi…
10% match24 October 2005…%26.9%11.5%17.2%2.5% 1960s42.0%20.4%18.4%14.9%…
10% match24 October 2005…The share that corporate tax revenues comprise of total federal tax revenues also has collapsed, falling from an average of 28 percent of federal revenues in the 1950s and 21 percent in the 1960s to an average of about 10 percent since the 1980s. The effective corporate tax rate — that is, the percentag…
10% match24 October 2005…of 25.3 percent of their profits in federal corporate income taxes, according to new Congressional Research Service estimates. By contrast, they paid more than 49 percent in the 1950s, 38 percent in the 1960s, and 33 percent in the 1970s A dubious source but perhaps a lead:…
10% match24 March 2003…mmunications systems more reliable and even guides U.S. bombs to specific enemy targets. The journey of these two businessmen underscores the quandary faced by other veterans of the 1960s anti-war movement who later became Silicon Valley technologists and entrepreneurs and who found themselves having the U.S. military as a key cust…
10% match24 March 2003…l paper today featured an article about the company I’m quitting. Some excerpts: Ethical quandry Ex-activists confront issues of tech and war As young men in the 1960s, D— and J— opposed the war in Vietnam and embraced their generation’s critical view of the U.S. military. But today, the technology they h…
10% match22 January 2008…s many people believe it to be. This message wasn’t delivered in a particularly convincing way, and it used some dubious factoids. Evans said (I’m paraphrasing from memory) that nobody gets put in jail anymore for war tax resistance like they did in the sixties because they’ve changed the laws since then. The radio host read another factoid from the campaign’s web site that reads “…
10% match22 January 2008…ce the 1970s only one war tax resister has been prosecuted, and he was sentenced to 8 hours per week of community service.” Neither of those statements is accurate. In fact, there were very few war tax resistance prosecutions during the 1960s as far as I know, but there have been four people who have done time for tax resistance since the Iraq War began, and at least ten…
10% match21 March 2008…ng-overdue: StealThisWiki.org. It’s modeled after Abbie Hoffman’s Steal This Book — a sort of Boy Scout Handbook for the politically radical counterculture of 1960s America — but brought up-to-date and given the benefit of Wikipedia-like group authorship. Caleb Johnson has written a piece for the New Hampshire Free Pr…
10% match15 January 2004…e radical individualism and focus on lifestyle change that allowed the group to stay focused during the conformist fifties scaled poorly to the sort of mass movement that coalesced around civil rights and Vietnam in the sixties). Among the budget proposal elements the Bush administration is expected to bring forward in 2004 is a plan to allow private c…
10% match12 December 2003…es paid, and the amounts they still owe or are owed as refunds. The I.R.S. says it can still process returns and send out refunds on time, but its dependence on the 1960’s-era Assembler and CoBOL computer languages makes it difficult to investigate and resolve taxpayers’ problems. Finding a record using the existing system can take a week; the n…
10% match9 February 2008…evasive about their motives. But part of the charm of Smith’s writing is how he shares his sometimes self-deprecating introspection into his own motives. If I had to guess from this, I’d say he’s not antisemitic, but mostly just ornery. In the 1960s, he ran a bookstore, and was arrested, jailed, and convicted for selling Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer. This make…
10% match7 July 2007…We’ve even gone into español: Con mi dinero no se paga la Guerra de Irak Parece que no sólo volvemos a los 60 con la conmemoración del Verano del Amor en San Francisco. Ahora parece que se vuelve a extender un movimiento de protesta contra la guerra que siguieron entre otros la canta…
10% match5 April 2013…lide presentation entitled “More Than A Paycheck.” According to spokesmen, tax resistance in the United States has its roots in the Revolutionary War. During the Vietnam War as well tax resistance was popular. Prominent tax resisters in the 1960s included Joan Baez, Alan Ginsberg, Gloria Steinem, and Pete Seeger, the presentation said. Ed Agro, one of two part-time staff people at…
8% match20 May 2003…War Tax Revenue Act of 1914, then died again after World War Ⅰ. It came back again and climbed to a 25% charge on long distance and a 15% charge on local calls during World War Ⅱ and the Korean War. Between 1954 and 1965, the tax started to wither away, but then when the Vietnam War started to hit the budget, the phone tax came back with a vengeance. In 1990, Congress abandoned the ritu…
7% match23 June 2012…thing I hope to write about the “one man revolution” theory as he and Thoreau sketched it out. Along the way, I noted the mention of a handful of war tax resisters from that first generation of the modern American war tax resistance movement (roughly 1948–1962) whom I haven’t otherwise had opportunity to mention at The Picket Line:…
7% match23 August 2013…in the form of refusing war/excise tax for phone service.” A retrospective on the life and work of the pacifist activist A.J. Muste in the April issue noted: Throughout these years [the 1950s and early 1960s], he often faced jail and prosecution for refusing to pay income taxes (he constantly followed the dictates of the 18th cen…
7% match21 January 2011…1948. A Peacemaker committee promoted tax refusal and provided research, literature, action suggestions, and publicity for those in the tax resistance movement. Although many hundreds of people were refusing to pay income taxes during the 15 years following 1948, the government prosecuted and imprisoned only six: James Otsuka of Indiana, Maurice McCrackin of Ohio, Eroseanna Robinson of Illinois, Walter Gormly of Iowa, Arthur Evans of Colorado, and…
6% match2 May 2013…the Internal Revenue Service exercises over citizens. He called on the members of the audience to follow his example and not give money to a government that used 60 per cent of its taxes for defense. “I haven’t paid any federal income tax since 1960,” said Meyer. “I don’t pay now and I don’t think I ever will.” Meyer does believe people have an obligation to contribute to society and said he does give his share, although not to the government…
6% match2 May 2013…ncepts of non-exploitation of others to all phases of their lives, Meyer said to a group of about 30 persons at the Lutheran Student Center Wednesday night. Meyer has been involved with anti-war groups since 1959 and served nine months in the Cook County Jail for refusing to pay federal income taxes. “Non-violence begins with overcoming our fears of economic deprivations, death, and loss of social status…
5% match28 August 2005…nd anarchist revolutionary thinking from Gandhi’s deputy Vinoba Bhave: SATISH KUMAR: For the last fifteen years you have been on the march. What are you aiming at? VINOBA BHAVE: At revolution. In other words, I am aiming at the liberation of people from all kinds of suppr…
5% match22 April 2011…il 15 tax deadline passed last Friday, and for the 19th time the Rev. A.J. Muste’s tax return was among the missing. Since 1948, the Internal Revenue Service has received from Mr. Muste only a Bible, a copy of Thoreau’s essay “Civil Disobedience” and a three-page typewritten outline of the principles that he feels prevent him from…
5% match12 April 2011…inly to longtime pacifists and professionals. Pacifists have been protesting the use of tax money for armaments for years. The movement was popularized after World War Ⅱ by the late A.J. Muste, clergyman-philosopher, who refused to pay his taxes from 1948 to his death in 1967. Cakars’ War Resisters League, which is one of the organizations promoting tax resistance to its mailing list of 10,000, has been in business advocating peace policies since World War Ⅰ…
5% match5 July 2013…earlier in 1955. The new magazine reflected this merger: The Friend had been the organ of the Orthodox meeting, and the Intelligencer that of the Hicksite meeting. From 1955 to 1974, the magazine shared offices with the “Friends Peace Committee” of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which may have led to some cross-pollenation, and increased coverage for peace testimony concerns in…
5% match19 April 2014…ving Vietnam came with the publication of a notice signed by 350-odd names, mostly writers and educators, led by Rev. A.J. Muste, a well-known pacifist leader who had not paid any income taxes since 1948 — well before Vietnam. Other signers included pianist Anton Kuerti and former Yale Prof. Staughton Lynd, Merrel Lynd, co-author of “Middletown,” a…
5% match20 March 2010…on a course that harmonizes with the book as because the book doesn’t much move me) — any recommendations? Timewise, the books in my top ten have a couple of clusters: one around 1849–59 and another around 1957–78, with only one outlier, also the only book on the list from this century, Hochschild’s Bury the Chains. The president signed another law the other…
4% match23 July 2013…itary). The result: “5 respondents, including one paying no tax, $12,070.00.” Assuming this was a representative sample: “85 tax-paying units from Meeting list × ⅕ of above sum: $205,960.00.” In that issue also, Gertrude P. Marshall, who for more than twenty years had been a member of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting’s “Representative Meeting” (a sort of ongoing Yearly Meeting body with representatives from the various Quarterly Meetings that make up the Yea…
4% match14 April 2012…IRS nine years after he began to resist. Since court trials of war tax resisters are expensive and may generate publicity favorable to the cause, they are few and far between. From 1948 to 1971 seven pacifist refusers were criminally prosecuted, from 1972 to 1978 none, and in 1979 there were two criminal convictions.…
4% match15 July 2013…Japan has led me to perceive that I could no longer voluntarily pay taxes for military purposes. I was willing to make an equivalent payment on an ear-marked basis to any nonmilitary government agencies that could accept such payments. Each year since 1949, I have resisted paying war taxes and the IRS has attached either my bank account or my salary. In 19…
4% match11 December 2012…RS: “This country has gone mad. But I will not go mad with it. I will not pay for organized murder. I will not pay for the war in Vietnam.” Joan Baez and a scattered handful of old-line pacifists, a few of whom had been refusing war taxes since 1941, were not worth keeping statistics on, so far as the IRS was concerned. Then, in April, 1966…
4% match16 June 2011…entatives of the nation’s largest Presbyterian denomination… [met in t]he 199th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (USA)… ¶ …and reversed a 25-year-old decision defrocking a peace activist. Also Monday, the commissioners discussed “Presbyterians and Peacemaking: Are…
4% match15 July 2013…with the government’s requirement or if not, then to disobey the law so as not to violate conscience.” In commenting about the case, Lorraine Cleveland, who has been refusing to pay war taxes since 1949 and has been raising her concern within the Service Committee even longer, said, “There has never been any doubt in my mind that the Quaker peace testimony was protected by the First Amendment, and the con…
4% match4 December 2008…Meyer, who says he has earned between $13,000 and $18,000 annually since 1975, claims the IRS has managed to collect only $168 from him since 1959. He has quit jobs and moved bank accounts to prevent further collections. Michael McGrail, an IRS tax specialist, could no…
4% match28 July 2013…line budgeting. All that it collects goes where the government wants it to go, which in ever-increasing proportion goes to finance wars, past, present and future. Since 1952 I have not filed any tax returns, nor since that year have I paid any federal income tax. On December 12, 1958, on charges growing out of my refusal to pay this tax, I was given a six-month sentence, which I…
4% match28 July 2013…IRS does not practice line budgeting. All that it collects goes where the government wants it to go, which in ever-increasing proportion goes to finance wars, past, present and future. Since 1952 I have not filed any tax returns, nor since that year have I paid any federal income tax. On December 12, 1958, on charges gr…
3% match22 August 2013…will not be used by the military.” That’s it. Sorry. Fortunately this does seem to be the low point, and there is a steady trickle of war tax resistance mentions from 2005 to 2012 — nothing like the storm of the sixties, seventies, and eighties — but at least a flicker of the old fire. (2013, though, is looking a little sketchier… I’ve only seen one reference so far, and that one in an obituary.…
3% match26 July 2013…Also in that issue was an update on the Richard Catlett case, in which he was charged with “willfully and knowingly failing to file income tax returns for the years of 1971, 1972, and 1973” — he in fact hadn’t filed since 1947. The Brandywine Peace Community wrote in with “some fundamental questions of reality and responsibility” for Quaker taxpayers. The community ran an alternative fund “comprised of refused war taxes, pe…
3% match21 December 2013…say for a bit. It’s a fascinating and surprising piece of work and I think it has useful lessons for us today. The context for the essay is Czechoslovakia in 1978. The country had been behind the Iron Curtain for thirty years, and ten years had passed since the brief experiment in political liberalization known as the “Prague Spring” whi…
3% match3 June 2004…etc. and how this relates both to changing government policy and to the science of coercive interrogation and torture as it was developed by the CIA in the middle of the last century. The current U.S. government, Danner says, “made a series of decisions about methods of warfare and interrogation… [that]…
3% match27 July 2013…tation Institute (for first offenders) in Kansas City, Missouri. That will be followed by three years of probation. Richard Catlett has been an antiwar activist since 1947, refusing to file his income tax return since that time. In 1976, his health food store was closed for non-payment of taxes (it is now under his wife’s ownership), and now, at sixty-nine years of age, Richard Catlett is treated…
3% match1 November 2012…atistics to justify the creation of their group: each year Congress and local governments continue to spend 10% more than the previous year, right now, the taxpayer is spending 44% of his working time just earning enough to pay all his taxes and since 1939 state and local taxes have risen 1700% (WOW!). The NTU hopes to mobilize enough support by the creation of local groups and cooperati…
3% match27 July 2013… — is beginning his jail sentence of two months at the Kansas City Municipal Rehabilitation Institute (for first offenders) in Kansas City, Missouri. That will be followed by three years of probation. Richard Catlett has been an antiwar activist since 1947, refusing to file his income tax return since that time. In 1976, his health food store was closed for non-payment of taxes (it is now under h…
3% match21 January 2011…Peacemakers and eighty local groups. Nineteen eighty-three featured the largest show of war tax resistance actions in ten years, including Ralph Dull, an Ohio farmer and tax resister since 1951, who drove a truckload of grain to the IRS office as payment for his taxes. The…
3% match5 January 2013…ile a tax return.” Catlett isn’t embarrassed to be going behind bars. “I have absolutely no regrets,” Catlett said last week. “I’m unregenerate, proud of what I’ve done.” Catlett sees his refusal to pay federal taxes since 1947 as a moral issue, not a legal one. “It’s immoral to pay someone to do what it would be immoral to do yourself,” he said. “War is immoral, and I can’t pay taxes that will buy war.”…
3% match15 January 2004…Action: Radical Pacifism From the Union Eight to the Chicago Seven, which, coincidentally, I’ve just finished reading. The movement chronicled in this book includes many of the movers-and-shakers in the war tax resistance movement in the middle of the last century in the United States, which is part of what drew me to read it (war tax resistance only features in a small part of the book). The story in summary is about a small, dedicated core of acti…
3% match30 January 2012…59 in fines and penalties and unpaid income tax for the tax years, 1966 through 1970. This was a very impressive bill, and we wondered what it would be if they started figuring out what they thought we owed them from the years 1933, when we began, up to 1966! The New York Times, in a story sign…
3% match23 October 2003…its. There are actually two distinct payroll taxes: a 12.4% one to fund Social Security, and a 2.9% one to fund Medicare. While income tax rates have declined for most families in recent decades, payroll taxes have increased dramatically. From 1960 to 1995, the percentage of government revenue derived from payroll taxes went up from 12 to 33. In other words, Congress has quietly legislated a fundamental shift toward payroll taxes over…
3% match23 November 2003…t’s much more difficult to evade than the income tax and I quoted an article that said “more than 79 percent of U.S. families now pay more in payroll taxes than in federal income taxes” and “from 1960 to 1995, the percentage of government revenue derived from payroll taxes went up from 12 to 33.” All this presents a problem for a tax resister like myself. My goal is to stop paying for things like ne…
3% match4 March 2010…Seattle (AP) — Irwin Hogenauer doesn’t fret or fume as tax deadline nears. The 70-year-old Quaker and war protester just keeps doing what he’s done since 1948 — refuse to pay. To protest spending taxes on the military, Hogenauer hasn’t filed a tax return for 35 years. “I’ve lived a life of principle and I’ll continue to stand by it,” he says.…
3% match12 January 2012…IRS seizure is nearly complete, Harvey said his views on tax resistance haven’t changed and he has no plans to pay any money to the federal government. Harvey has not paid federal taxes since 1959, and Gravalos hasn’t paid since 1972. Supporter Jim Stockwell of Albion said, “I think (Harvey and Gravalos are) very proud of what they’re doing.” Stockwell pr…
3% match12 January 2012…1996: War Tax Resistance and Blueberry Fields Forever Arthur Harvey has not filed a federal tax return or paid income tax since 1959. His partner, Elizabeth Gravalos hasn’t filed or paid since 1972. Until recently, the Internal Revenue Service gave them little trouble. “They visited us twice, o…
3% match6 May 2012…ompost system for solid waste. “I just don’t think it’s realistic,” Gravalos said, referring to buyers who may be interested in purchasing the house. The couple call themselves tax resisters and Harvey hasn’t paid federal taxes since 1959 and Gravalos since 1972 as a way of protesting the government’s use of nuclear weapons and its policies on sending American troops and weapons overseas. The…
3% match6 May 2012…k and informed the couple that the federal agency was seizing all of their property as payment for unpaid taxes and penalties. The visit was not entirely a surprise for the couple since Harvey hasn’t paid any federal income taxes since 1959, and Gravalos since 1972. The two are politically opposed to the government’s use of nuclear weapons and its policies of sending American troops and weapons overseas, they…
2% match30 January 2012…n to being pacifists). When we first thought about Federal income taxes, most of which go for war or “defense,” we simplistically considered ourselves exempt because we had no income; no salaries are paid at the Catholic Worker, nor ever have been since we started in 1933. I myself have been questioned because of my writings, and lecture fees which were not really fees but offerings made to the work which covered all expenses of travelling and supported the wo…
2% match27 September 2007…rces tied up in maintaining a warfare state that otherwise could be used for useful purposes. According to the U.S. Department of Defense, during the four decades from 1947 through 1987 it used (in 1982 dollars) $7.62 trillion in capital resources. In 1985, the Department of Commerce e…
2% match5 August 2013…war activity. There were instances in World War Ⅱ of individual Friends refusing to pay war taxes, and the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting officially protested against certain war taxes, but the main movement against war taxes has occurred since 1945. During the Cold War and particularly during Vietnam, war tax resistance has become a major theme in Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, since…
2% match6 December 2004…dividends paid by businesses. In 2002, the gap between these two figures reached $961.1 billion or 13.7 percent of the Commerce Department’s estimate of AGI. This is the largest gap since figures began to be collected in 1959. It suggests that the federal government is losing at least $100 billion per year just due to the non-reporting of taxable income on personal tax returns.…
2% match27 January 2005…ear Total adjusted gross income was just over $6 trillion, 2.2% less than the previous year Taxable income dropped 4% to $4.1 trillion Total income tax fell 10.2% to $797.0 billion (“This was the largest percentage decrease since 1958.”) 103.5 million returns (80%!) came from taxpayers who had overpaid their taxes and were due a refund (meaning they gave the government a free loan during the year) From this last poin…
2% match27 November 2004…n we can kill them, progressives opposed to warmaking simply can’t deny a moral imperative: don’t turn your productivity over to the warmakers.… Karl Meyer, a pacifist guide for numerous war tax refusers, a man who hasn’t paid his taxes since 1960, takes a harder line than I do, but without his perspective I never would have been drawn into allowing the IRS to become my spiritua…
2% match24 April 2004…an spent at the height of the U.S.-Soviet standoff. It exceeds by over 50 percent the average annual sum ($4.2 billion) that the United States spent — again, in real dollars — throughout the four and a half decades of the Cold War. There is no nuclear arms race going on now. The world no longer offers many suitable nuclear targets. President Bush is trying to persuade other nations — especia…
2% match12 January 2012…lueberry fields. It’s not that the 72-year-old organic farmer, inspector and book seller has filed early this year. Instead, Harvey, who lives with his family across from the town office on Main Street, has not paid federal income taxes since about 1959. He won’t pay because he is opposed to where his dollars would be spent. “My fundamental objection is to nuclear weapons,” he said Thursday while seated at a small table off his kitchen, sur…
2% match23 February 2012…a graph that shows how the percentage of Americans has been rising who are neither federal income tax payers nor a dependent of someone who is.…
2% match6 August 2005…the height of the U.S.-Soviet standoff. It exceeds by over 50 percent the average annual sum ($4.2 billion) that the United States spent — again, in real dollars — throughout the four and a half decades of the Cold War. U.S. policy & Osama’s creed…
2% match14 June 2005…tax in protest against the American war on Mexico hardly stopped the war. But the resonance of that most unpunishing and briefest spell of imprisonment (famously, a single night in jail) has not ceased to inspire principled resistance to injustice through the second half of the twentieth century and into our new era. The movement in the late 1980s to shut down the Nevada Test Site, a key location for the nuclear arms race, fai…
2% match4 February 2008…Ralph DiGia died last Friday at age 93. He was among the direct-action pacifists who forged the American anti-war movement in the last half of the twentieth century. Imprisoned as a conscientious objector during World War Ⅱ (he didn’t qualify for conscientious objector status because he couldn’t provide a religious reason for his obje…
2% match16 April 2013…ection for citizens who want their taxes to be diverted from the Pentagon maw. The legislation is not likely to pass in this or the next millennium. Its value may be for historians, ones who will ask how and why so many ordinary Americans in the late 20th century said or did nothing about their government squandering its wealth on militarism. In this current darkness, a few lights shine. Honorable dissent may be only flickering, bu…
2% match16 April 2013…aming the world on trade missions to hustle more customers for the U.S. weapons industry. Client states include such habitual violators of human rights as Turkey, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Since 1945, uncountable dictators to whom the United States has supplied weapons turned them on their own people. From Sunday through Wednesday, the annual arms bazaar — the “Con…
2% match16 April 2013…and Catholic” was “extensive and abject.” Religious leaders “were men of God second and Germans first.” They blessed state violence. As the main military force that defeated the Nazis, the United States has been able to position itself since 1945 on the moral high ground and, with furrowed brow, ponder in astonishment why so few Germans protested their government’s well-organized barbarity. If a cold eye is to be cast on Germany’s behavior…
2% match23 October 2003…illegally) refuse to pay those taxes. Or you can be a member of a religious group that is conscientiously opposed to insurance (for instance because “god will provide”), that supports its dependent members, and that has existed continuously since 1950. The Amish are an example of such a religious group; I’m not sure which other ones qualify. There’s an interesting artic…
2% match23 November 2003…d economy, or work as an independent contractor and simply (illegally) refuse to pay those taxes. Or you can be a member of a religious group that is conscientiously opposed to insurance (for instance because “god will provide”), that supports its dependent members, and that has existed continuously since 1950. The Amish are an example of such a religious group; I’m not sure which other ones qualify. Can you think of any other techniques?…
2% match15 August 2004…15 August 2004 Today: a roundup of some things I’ve found on-line: Silence and Courage: Income Taxes, War and Mennonites 1940–1993: An interesting paper from the Mennonite Central Committee that gives a good overview of the history of the income tax and its close association with war. If it seems awful to you that f…
2% match12 January 2005…ional programs. Others wept. ¶ This, alas, is roughly the situation of Western or at least American evangelicalism today.… If Christians do not live what they preach, the whole thing is a farce. “American Christianity has largely failed since the middle of the twentieth century,” Barna concludes, “because Jesus’ modern-day disciples do not act like Jesus.” This scandalous behavior mocks Christ, undermines evangelism, and destroys Christian credibili…
2% match9 August 2013…owing their money would be used for life-affirming purposes. William Davidson, retired Episcopal bishop of western Kansas, a CO in World War Ⅱ, has actively opposed war since 1939. “Having lived past draft age, I have been saddened and conflicted each year having to pay taxes to support war,” he said. The Episcopal Peace Fellowship has consistently supported war tax resistance as a…
2% match18 October 2005…in 2004, some 42.5 million Americans (one-third of all filers) filed a tax return but had no tax liability after taking advantage of their credits and deductions. Figure 1 shows the percentage of non-payers between 1950 and 2004. During that period, non-payers averaged 22 percent of all taxfilers. Today, however, non-payers account for 32 percent of all taxfilers, a nearly 50 percent increase in the number of non-payers…
2% match18 October 2005…Percent of Tax Filers Who Owe Zero Federal Income Tax, 1950–2004 Tax Foundation economists estimate that in 2004, some 42.5 million Americans (one-third of all filers) filed a tax return but had no tax li…
2% match12 December 2011…siness executives, organizations, bureaucrats, and the like. “The Neglected Costs of the Warfare State: An Austrian Tribute to Seymour Melman” — Melman was the Winslow Wheeler of his time, keeping a watchful and critical eye on the military budget and both its inherent and extravagant waste. This article looks in particular at the opportunity costs of military spending, and at the…
2% match25 July 2006…I have this friend who’s made a sign — she goes to peace parades but she stands with that and says “don’t buy this war” — “I Haven’t Bought a Bomb Since 1971.” And I’m going to revise it and say I haven’t bought a bomb since 1948.… Chris Floyd made a similar point a couple of months back:…
2% match27 January 2014…a letter to the government announcing his resistance. At War Tax Talk, Ruth Benn profiles Robin Harper, who has been a war tax resister since 1958. There are some interesting artifacts from the poll tax rebellion of the waning years of the Thatcher era over at the Anarchist Federation w…
2% match4 July 2013…1967 edition of the Quaker periodical Friends Journal. That inspired me to hunt around on-line and see if there were any other copies in the archives. I was able to find a complete set, or close to it anyway, from 1955 to the present. And there’s a tremendous amount of material about war tax resistance in those pages. War tax resistance, which had been such a core part of Quaker practice in America…
2% match5 July 2005…o, Inge Donato, and Kevin McKee join the tax resisters hall of fame as three of the only thirty-five or so conscientious tax resisters to be jailed for their resistance since World War Ⅱ. One of the lawyers on the case says that he believes these are “the first pacifis…
2% match1 April 2011…in New York City. Then there are the criminal penalties. Tax evasion, “willful failure to pay,” and fraud can land a person in federal court, according to the IRS. In the past 60 years, 30 people have gone to jail, typically for one to three months, on resistance-related charges, Hedemann says. Some were convicted of fraud, usually claiming too many dependents. The bulk of convict…
2% match2 August 2007…caught my eye: A profile of J. Tony Serra, the radical defense lawyer and long-time tax resister who is “one of two war tax resisters since World War Ⅱ to have been jailed for ‘willful failure to pay’ federal income taxes.” A report from Bill Ramsey on his a…
2% match24 May 2007…ed out by a long history of war tax resisters. According to the War Resister’s League, tens of thousands of Americans — including Dorothy Day, Joan Baez and Noam Chomsky — have at some point resorted to civil disobedience by not paying their taxes since World War Ⅱ. Some resisters have deliberately chosen to live below the poverty line to avoid paying taxes, while others simply do not pay part or all of what the government demands for its addiction…
2% match7 June 2007…n’s budget dropped from a peacetime high of $376 billion, at the end of President Ronald Reagan’s military buildup in 1989, to a low of $265 billion in 1996. (That compares to post-World War Ⅱ wartime highs of $437 billion in 1953, during the Korean War, and $388 billion in 1968, at the peak of the War in Vietnam.) After the Sovie…
2% match30 August 2012…and imprisonment reminiscent of their early struggles 300 years ago in England and America if they take to heart the guidelines they drew up at their annual sessions recently at Silver Bay. In what may well be the strongest message of the 20th century by a major body within the denomination, Quakers were urged “unequivocally and at all costs” to hold to their Peace Testimony first formulated in a “Declaration from the ha…
2% match22 April 2013…ama’s local CBS news station. And take a gander at this photo of Juanita Nelson holding her “Haven’t Paid Taxes Since 1948” sign on tax day outside the downtown post office in Brattleboro, Vermont. Here’s a bit more about the tax resistance campaign that activists for Catalan independence are engaged…
1% match31 January 2008…31 January 2008 I just recently learned that the newsletters of the Syracuse Peace Council from 1936 to the present day are available on-line. This makes for an interesting historical walk-through of the concerns of the anti-war movements. There are interesting bits of war tax resistance history to be found there. For instance,…
1% match4 March 2010…From the 4 March 1978 Spokane Daily Chronicle: Irwin Hogenauer (1912–1984) Tax Protest Techniques Told Military expenditures take up 53 percent of the national budget, “a disproportionate amount,” but there are ways to protest…
1% match26 May 2008…26 May 2008 (1935–2008) From time to time, individual Quakers or Quaker delegations would meet wi…
1% match17 April 2013…“pay no taxes until June so the government cannot pay the bonuses and treat itself to a good time.” The American Enterprise Institute has issued a new edition of their useful compendium of poll results: Public Opinion on Taxes: 1937 to Today.…
1% match1 August 2013…ing indifferent to other man-made sources of suffering, for instance “our transporation system [which] has brought more death and injury to U.S. citizens than all the wars of the 20th century.” The national security establishment is just a large-scale version of such thoroughly moral defenses as “police forces and locks on houses” — they are n…
1% match9 January 2004…atants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-of-the-envelope calculations show that that comes to about two and a half million each year, about 6,500 per day, about one every 13 seconds. Even as a public health problem, tha…
1% match9 January 2004…One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-o…
1% match9 January 2004…Telemarketers Maybe it’s a little phobic to worry so much about the possibility of your neighbors turning into cogs in a mass killing machine. Maybe not. One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th…
1% match15 November 2006…in the gunsights of the Fox News set and the Republican talking points generators. The JROTC has been doing its thing in San Francisco’s public schools for 90 years now. “It’s basically a branding program, or a recruiting program for the military,” said Board member Dan Kelly. Students get school credit for participating in the program, which is funded 50/50 by the school…
1% match15 April 2005…th anniversary of Gandhi’s salt march: …The baseline fact is that the various Nation-States of this small and lonely planet have murdered around 200 million people in wars and internal conflicts during these [last 90] years. They have indirectly destroyed many millions more lives through Corporate-State institutionalized economic exploitation and ecological destruction. From these facts arise the questions…
1% match15 April 2005…on is the expropriation of private property under threat of violence. What is this if not theft? What is theft if not violence? Is this what Gandhi taught?… From whence comes the finance for Nation-States to murder 200 million people in the past 90 years? It comes from taxes mostly. Who paid the taxes? Was it not us as citizens? So, who financed the murder and who is responsible?… Peace is, at minimum, the absence of violence or threat of v…
1% match21 October 2010…the former). Perhaps the most fundamental tenet of all international norms is that a sovereign refrain from use of or threat of force in its relations with other countries. This policy has been consistently expressed in various forms as early as 1899 to the present. In the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, J…
1% match30 June 2011…of death travelled over the world today and visited each person, man woman and child, and killed with its breath every tenth person it visited, it would extinguish fewer lives than the governments of the world will murder off of the field of war in the next hundred years.” Someone muttered “anarchist” and turned on his heel and left with his family, and that’s when Leon became an anarchist. He shot and killed William McKinley, then president of the United…
1% match30 December 2003…nding the holidays with family and old friends in the town where I grew up and I haven’t been on-line much. I’ve also been reading an interesting book — Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an ey…
1% match30 December 2003…Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an eye toward finding some sort of strategy for making them less likely or not as awful in the next century. He explores these events from a number of angles — asking how the people who advocated t…
1% match28 January 2004…creature, like “Zeus” or “Fate” or “the wheels of history.” It’s a piece of shorthand, a literary device, but not an actual agent in the world we live in. It’s also the “bad faith” excuse behind much of the worst parts of the 20th century. I’ve done a casual read-through of the literature about the theory of government, and about anarchism, and I’ve had a hard time finding anything that se…
1% match27 June 2005…it is a profoundly dangerous situation for the American people. Mass murder of civilians is rarely the work of lonesome nuts operating totally outside of societal norms and beliefs. On the contrary, scratch the surface of most of the horrors of the twentieth century, and you will find a cold, cruel belief that the victims brought it upon themselves. Everyone shakes their head and loudly condemns the atrocity once the bodies are cold and deep under the earth…
1% match24 October 2004…U.S. experience in democratic nation building is daunting. The low rate of success is a sobering reminder that these are among the most difficult foreign policy ventures for the United States. Of the sixteen such efforts during the past century, democracy was sustained in only four cases ten years after the departure of U.S. forces. Two of these followed the total defeat and surrender…
1% match24 June 2007…h about a third of those who responded assumed that war tax resisters are likely to be imprisoned, in reality, you can almost count on your fingers the number of people who have done any time behind bars for war tax resistance in the United States in the last hundred years. Former war tax resisters, who might be expected to have more understanding of the consequences, listed jail as a likely consequence on only 6.4% of their surveys. Would they consider a o…
1% match23 May 2007…ematic production of conditions which undermine whatever positive cultural containment is in place.” Propaganda is crucial to this deliberate and systematic production of the conditions for collective evildoing. “In all cases of genocide in the twentieth century, the action… typically assumes the character of self-defense.… If there is a mentality characteristic of genocidal perpetrators, it is that of self-righteousness.” In what Vetlesen calls…
1% match19 March 2003…, no? I also believe that because I have free will, I’m responsible for the actions I choose — I cannot rent out my conscience to another person, army, government, corporation, majority or law-book. It’s not just unwise, given the history of the last century, but it is literally impossible. Each of my decisions is a decision I choose based on what I anticipate the consequences will be. I may take into account what the law says, or what the Bible sa…
1% match19 March 2003…, but ultimately I’m the one making the choice. If I ignore my conscience, I’m committing a particularly dangerous form of suicide — choking off the guardian of my free will and leaving behind the sort of dangerous robot who’s spent the last hundred years swerving from cradle to grave building gulags and genetically engineering more evil forms of smallpox. Not for me. Then what of my choice whether or not to pay the federal income tax? The…
1% match19 August 2007…ent”? The traditional alternative that has been offered to the prevailing economic model has been some form of state socialism. “But,” McKibben writes, “one real benefit of living in the twenty-first century is that the twentieth taught us an awful lot about what didn’t work.… It’s a great luxury for us to not even have to entertain the possibility that state socialism might be the way out of our troubles.” The something di…
1% match13 May 2005…lent Arab movements often ignore Palestinian resistance to Israel’s ‘security barrier’: The uprisings aren’t aligned with U.S. interests.” For much of the twentieth century, the chief means of overthrowing a government were guerilla warfare and military coups. Nonviolent resistance existed — at times it thrived — but it was generally regarded as an odd aberration t…
1% match11 November 2004…re) to declare our natural goodness and their natural badness is one thing, but that anyone believes there is an inherently moral distinction which can be defined geographically or racially means people just haven’t been paying attention to what the 20th century — of which the Milgram study was little more than a reiteration and foreshadowing — made hideously clear. Tell people to go to war, and mostly they will. Tell them to piss on…
1% match7 August 2004…ps, the only people at liberty will be prison guards who will then have to lock up one another. When only one remains, he will be called the “supreme guard,” and that will be the ideal society in which problems of opposition, the headache of all twentieth-century governments, will be settled once and for all. Of course, this is but a prophecy and, although governments and police forces throughout the world are striving, with great good will, to achi…
1% match7 April 2003…, and I will take all the blame if things go bad.” That’s snake oil. Can’t be done. It’s like a perpetual motion machine. And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing the…
1% match7 April 2003…And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing them into gas chambers, etc. thinking all the while that it wasn’t th…
1% match5 August 2007…d over our collective heads. This system of organizing a society of six billion human beings doesn’t work. Its institutionalized structural violence is destroying humanity and the earth. States have murdered more than 230 million human beings in the past 100 years. A system that places the power of planetary incineration into the hands of a few psychopathically aggressive tyrants is clearly insane. It is impossible to reform a system whose very foundation is…
1% match29 August 2005…xation is the fuel of war” — a phrase found in the L. Neil Smith essay from which these excerpts are taken: Since the beginning of the 20th century, Western populations have gradually become accustomed to higher and higher rates of taxation. Americans are presently commanded to stand and deliver…
1% match24 May 2005…a repeal of the tax but President Clinton vetoed it; new legislation is targeting it for repeal again. If Congress hasn’t been able to get rid of this “temporary” tax for 107 years, I won’t hold my breath. But I may not have to — the phone tax is starting to decay in the face of modern communication technology without much help from the politicians. The internet is part of this.…
0% match29 August 2005…umes could — and have — been written about the economic and social damage this kind of taxation does to a culture. But what concerns me here is that taxation is the fuel of war. Warfare of the kind witnessed for the first time only in the 19th and 20th centuries, warfare that kills tens of millions in the space of only a few years, warfare that snuffs out whole cities in the blink of an eye, is…
0% match30 May 2008…today’s and tomorrow’s entries, as I’ll be off the grid for a few days. In Lillian Schlissel’s Conscience in America: A documentary history of conscientious objection in America, 1757–1967 (1968) is an excerpt from a letter to the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1795 that I haven’t been able to find elsewhere, and the author of which re…
0% match12 November 2005…Bush took office (and he did take it), his government has borrowed $1.05 trillion. That is to say, over one thousand billion. Remember how many a billion is? $1.05 trillion is more than the total borrowed by every administration between 1776 and 2000 ($1.01 trillion). The mind implodes. Half of this nation’s debt in 224 years, the other half since Junior Bush got the top job. Remember how far away the sun is? We have spent enough d…
0% match5 August 2013…as an extract from J. William Frost’s Tax Court testimony in the Deming case, in which he explained the Quaker war tax resistance practice: The peace testimony has been a basic part of Quaker religious belief since the 1660s. The testimony has not been static; it has evolved over time as Friends thought out the implications of what it meant to be a bringer of peace. Some of the most creative actions of members of…
0% match1 March 2013…to military tax payment on the part of CFS employees will be accepted as an appropriate stance, in keeping with the Friends Peace Testimony established and upheld by Quakers since its original expression in 1660.” At present, the letter is in the hands of the IRS. Regardless of the outcome, the school…