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100% match27 July 2004…‘a military base’ that was chosen ‘because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians.’” ♇: The quote is from his 9 August (I think) address to the nation about the bombing. I think that was the second of his public announcements about it. You can Google for it. Reader: I liked your take on…
100% match25 August 2005…e I was beating my gums in the lower depths of the one remaining peaceable division of a university engaged in a great secret war project. (The university’s motto was, Let Knowledge Grow from More to More, that Human Life May Be Enriched; and by August 6, 1945, its knowledge had grown to the point where it was able to enrich human life in Hiroshima.) When I saw that all a man had to do was say No to send the Government headlong, I lost my fear of i…
100% match21 October 2010…the sick and wounded. 36 Stat. at 2303. The Charter of the International Military Tribunal August 8, 1945, 59 Stat. 1544, E.A.S. 472 (“London Agreement enunciating the Nuremberg Principles”) (Herei…
100% match8 August 2006…represented and demanding mea culpas all around. Keiji Tsuchiya spoke for several minutes, through an interpreter. Mr. Tsuchiya was a 17-year-old draftee training at a base across the bay from Hiroshima when it was bombed. He saw the “boiling cloud” rise from the city and was among the first responders who went over to try to help. As he spoke, he held up child-like drawings that he had made a few years ago f…
100% match6 August 2005…t was they who had the suicide bombers. Machines and morals The Hiroshima bombing is an ethical landmark not because of the decisions that were made on that day sixty years ago. Any ethical lines that were crossed then had already been crossed many times over. But the development of nuclear weapons put enormous destructive power into the hands of just a few pe…
100% match6 August 2005…t atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians.” That was President Truman, on August 9th 1945, in a radio address to America. “We have used [the bomb] against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor,”…
100% match6 August 2005…ine had already been crossed, and mass slaughter had already become commonplace. There still were, of course, the individual ethical decisions of whether or not to personally become involved in this slaughter, but there too nothing really changed on August 6th 1945. The serious arguments given in favor of the decision to bomb, then and today, are typically utilitarian ones. The decision to bomb…
100% match6 August 2005…A month or so ago, a writer in the Memphis Press-Scimitar told of his experience in serving in the late war under a major general who had been a regular army man for twenty-eight years. The time was August, 1945; the occasion, the news that an atom bomb had been dropped on Hiroshima. As the Press-Scimitar reporter tells it:…
100% match6 August 2005…6 August 2005 60 years ago, the crew of the Enola Gay hit the city of Hiroshima with the first of two nuclear weapons that have been used in wartime. At The Picket Line I spend a lot of words waxing opinionated…
100% match6 August 2005…can make it seem. Those who were horrified at the bombing of Hiroshima and who disapproved of it were not just the usual pacifist suspects. On August 8, 1945, two days after the bombing, former Republican President Herbert Hoover wrote to a friend that “[t]he use of the atomic bomb, with its indiscriminate killing of women and children, revolts my soul.”…
100% match2 November 2003…tinuing to deny these awful facts it may behave as though they never happened — or is it good, because in trying to hide from this it exposes that there is still a conscience that can be upset? (The denial of reality started early: President Truman, when he announced the bombing, called the city of Hiroshima “a military base” that was chosen “because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians.”) Several weeks af…
100% match2 November 2003…heard the following sort of statement many times: “Of course we did not deliberately target civilians when we bombed the city. Civilian casualties are inevitable in any campaign of this sort.” The two phrases are in logical contradiction. On 6 August 1945 the U.S. bomber Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan in an attack that, if successful, cou…
87% match15 July 2013…ial recognition of conscientious objection where war taxes are involved. Many factors entered into my decision to oppose the Internal Revenue Service’s collection of war taxes from my paycheck. Perhaps the most momentous of those was in August, 1945, when our government dropped atomic bombs on Japan. This seemed to be the most monstrous evil, and made me feel that some new and more demanding commitment was required of me. By…
29% match29 May 2011…efusal in 1943, when the tax withholding system was implemented. Each year at tax time he prepared a statement and mailed it to the IRS. Hennacy’s 1945 tax statement reflected the direct action and civil disobedience impulse that would shake the League over the next half-decade. “We can refuse to put our trust in Princes and Presidents,” he declared. “With Thoreau a…
29% match29 May 2011…1950, Hennacy began expanding his protest; each year, on 6 August, he fasted and picketed the local IRS office for as many days as years had passed since Hiroshima. While picketing, he distributed tax statements and leaflets that repudiated war, advocated anarchism, and declared his tax resistance. When threatened with arrest for disturbing the peace while picketing, he re…
29% match17 May 2011…ery’s judgment, Mr. McCrackin can appeal to the general assembly of the church in Denver, in May, 1962. Mr. McCrackin came to St. Barnabas Episcopal Church in 1945 when it was merged with West Cincinnati Presbyterian Church. He has ministered to the mixed congregation since. In 1987 the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Ch…
29% match16 March 2009…awakened me to a new sense of the Gospel call to peacemaking in the nuclear age. They brought back the shock of Hiroshima. Since that re-awakening five years ago, I have tried to respond in both a more prayerful and more vocal way than I did in 1945. I feel the need to respond by prayer because our present crisis goes far deeper than politics. I have heard many perceptive political analyses of the nuclear situation, but their common element is despair. It is no…
29% match15 December 2005…o the crews of the Enola Gay and the Boxcar.” [I]f a soldier came to me and asked if he could put a bullet through a child’s head, I would have told him, absolutely not. That would be mortally sinful. But in 1945 Tinian Island was the largest airfield in the world. Three planes a minute could take off from it around the clock. Many of these planes went to Japan with the express purpose of killing not one child or one civilian…
29% match13 March 2013…ollect the unpaid balance of her return, placed a lien on the elderly ex-teacher’s pension. A native of New Jersey, Miss McDowell attended Swarthmore College and taught in Manual Training and Abraham Lincoln High Schools. She retired in 1945. Her letter, in part, said: “I realize that I cannot entirely free myself from being involved in war preparations; but I believe it is important to bear my testimony in action as far as I can. “No…
29% match13 March 2013…ing at Manual Training High School then. Because of my expressed opposition I was fired. It wasn’t until five years later that I was reinstated as a teacher.” She was at Abraham Lincoln when she retired in 1945. The Peacemakers’ list of tax rebels includes the names of the Rev. A.J. Muste of 21 Audubon Ave., Manhattan,…
29% match8 May 2012…The women’s suffrage movement in France took a lot longer to reach its goal than did the movements in Britain and the U.S.. Women could not vote on par with men in France until after World War Ⅱ. I haven’t seen many examples of tax resistance being used as a tactic by French suffragists — a couple from the 1930s that were mentioned in The Vote…
29% match6 December 2010…Dec. 6, the day of the Rehse acquittal, and declared that he could no longer pay taxes to a state capable of such an act, and similar instances of Nazi-coddling. After 1945 Rosenzweig received 9,000 marks ($2,250) in reparations from the West German government, which worked out to the equivalent of $1.25 a day for his five years in the concentration camps at Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg,…
29% match6 August 2005…I say this not to try to begin forming an argument against the bombing, but to point out that even those who were defending the decision to bomb at the time found it necessary to grossly distort what had happened in order to do so. Later that year, Truman was more frank: “It occurred to me that a quarter million of the flower of our American youth were worth a couple of Japanese cities, and I still think they were an…
29% match6 August 2005…Japan (the ports were already mostly destroyed). But if you advocate mass starvation as a way of defeating Japan, what about the atom bomb offends you? Plenty of people in Japan’s ruling class probably knew they had lost the war by the summer of 1945, another argument goes, so why not let them surrender on something more like their terms rather than inflicting more and more suffering to gain an unconditional surrender? But the junta in ch…
7% match18 March 2007…ot-down, wounded English and Canadian airmen that first forced me into the resistance. With my knowledge of foreign languages and as a former telegraph operator in my youth, I was at once put into a team having direct communication with London for the last three years of the war. “I lent Thoreau’s books to friends, told them about him, and our circle grew. Railroads, bridges, and factories that worked for the Germans were…
6% match15 May 2011…Gray received the notice that his doctorate in philosophy had been awarded in the same batch of mail that contained his draft notice. He served from 1941 to 1945 in Africa and Europe in counter-intelligence: working to root out and interrogate spies and saboteurs and prisoners and the like as the Allies moved in on Axis-controlled territory. He wrote hi…
4% match1 March 2010…, checks, Clipsheets from the Board of Temperance. But in garnering material for this article, I was handed a letter with the scribbled commentary, “required reading.” It is from one Valerie Riggs, who says that she has refused to pay income taxes since 1944 and is refusing again this year because, to put it simply, she doesn’t like the way the government is spending it. She says that “…those in our government who are deciding our fate for us … are consulting…
3% match13 December 2011…of the bombing of Hiroshima, he lost 17 pounds. He said he gained it back in a few days following his fast. At income-tax paying time Hennacy also pickets the bureau. He refuses to pay an income tax and states he has not paid one for nine years. He explains his picketing and fasting is “in accordance with the Gandhian principle of open opposition to the state and its war-making functions.” The…
3% match1 March 2010…the amount the government would spend on war. Francis Behn Riggs, 70, retired boys’ school headmaster, and his wife, Valerie, 67, said they expect the bureau to seize the missing funds from their savings accounts. “as it has been doing since 1944.” But, Mrs. Riggs added, “There is a difference between handing the government our income tax for the military and the government taking it from us.” Along with the returns, Mrs. Riggs se…
3% match17 May 2012…wolf outlier, is libertarian George Fidenato, who is following the path set down by Vivien Kellems in the U.S. back in the 1940s. He is refusing to withhold taxes from his employees’ paychecks, saying he doesn’t work for the government and wouldn’t even if you paid him, and his employees’ interactions with the tax office are their own c…
3% match15 January 2004…United States, which is part of what drew me to read it (war tax resistance only features in a small part of the book). The story in summary is about a small, dedicated core of activists in the United States who broke from the Marxist “old left” in the 1940s to explore a brand of activism influenced by Christian anti-war traditions, the non-violent confrontation techniques of Gandhi, and American contrarian individualist thinking along the lines of Thoreau.…
2% match25 August 2005…MANAS archives. This one comes from the pen of Milton Mayer, also the author of They Thought They Were Free: The Germans, 1933–45, which has been frequently quoted and excerpted i…
2% match22 March 2013…pay for atomic bombs, armies, and other war-making potential. The First Amendment says: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…” Group Official From 1940 to 1953, when he retired, Muste was executive secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a group opposed to participation in, or preparation for, war. Muste made no secret of his failure to pay taxe…
2% match15 April 2012…in The Miami News on this date in 1960: War and Taxes: Iowa pacifist Walter Gormley, of Mount Vernon, who has refused to pay his income tax since 1943, did it again today in an “open letter” to the Internal Revenue Service, saying he would not pay the current levy “to support the war policies” of the government; as in t…
1% match11 December 2012…RS: “This country has gone mad. But I will not go mad with it. I will not pay for organized murder. I will not pay for the war in Vietnam.” Joan Baez and a scattered handful of old-line pacifists, a few of whom had been refusing war taxes since 1941, were not worth keeping statistics on, so far as the IRS was concerned. Then, in April, 1966…
1% match3 June 2004…etc. and how this relates both to changing government policy and to the science of coercive interrogation and torture as it was developed by the CIA in the middle of the last century. The current U.S. government, Danner says, “made a series of decisions about methods of warfare and interrogation… [that]…
1% match1 November 2012…atistics to justify the creation of their group: each year Congress and local governments continue to spend 10% more than the previous year, right now, the taxpayer is spending 44% of his working time just earning enough to pay all his taxes and since 1939 state and local taxes have risen 1700% (WOW!). The NTU hopes to mobilize enough support by the creation of local groups and cooperati…
1% match15 January 2004…Action: Radical Pacifism From the Union Eight to the Chicago Seven, which, coincidentally, I’ve just finished reading. The movement chronicled in this book includes many of the movers-and-shakers in the war tax resistance movement in the middle of the last century in the United States, which is part of what drew me to read it (war tax resistance only features in a small part of the book). The story in summary is about a small, dedicated core of acti…
1% match30 January 2012…59 in fines and penalties and unpaid income tax for the tax years, 1966 through 1970. This was a very impressive bill, and we wondered what it would be if they started figuring out what they thought we owed them from the years 1933, when we began, up to 1966! The New York Times, in a story sign…
1% match28 January 2013…Jan. 28. I am, etc., J.R. Firth. John Robert Firth was an alderman in Strathfield from 1911 to 1948 and also served as mayor twice during that span. From surviving records that have made it on-line, his interests included Congregationalism, disarmament via a League of Nations-like world government, a…
1% match30 January 2012…n to being pacifists). When we first thought about Federal income taxes, most of which go for war or “defense,” we simplistically considered ourselves exempt because we had no income; no salaries are paid at the Catholic Worker, nor ever have been since we started in 1933. I myself have been questioned because of my writings, and lecture fees which were not really fees but offerings made to the work which covered all expenses of travelling and supported the wo…
1% match6 August 2005…the height of the U.S.-Soviet standoff. It exceeds by over 50 percent the average annual sum ($4.2 billion) that the United States spent — again, in real dollars — throughout the four and a half decades of the Cold War. U.S. policy & Osama’s creed…
1% match15 August 2004…15 August 2004 Today: a roundup of some things I’ve found on-line: Silence and Courage: Income Taxes, War and Mennonites 1940–1993: An interesting paper from the Mennonite Central Committee that gives a good overview of the history of the income tax and its close association with war. If it seems awful to you that f…
1% match9 August 2013…owing their money would be used for life-affirming purposes. William Davidson, retired Episcopal bishop of western Kansas, a CO in World War Ⅱ, has actively opposed war since 1939. “Having lived past draft age, I have been saddened and conflicted each year having to pay taxes to support war,” he said. The Episcopal Peace Fellowship has consistently supported war tax resistance as a…
0% match1 April 2011…in New York City. Then there are the criminal penalties. Tax evasion, “willful failure to pay,” and fraud can land a person in federal court, according to the IRS. In the past 60 years, 30 people have gone to jail, typically for one to three months, on resistance-related charges, Hedemann says. Some were convicted of fraud, usually claiming too many dependents. The bulk of convict…
0% match30 August 2012…and imprisonment reminiscent of their early struggles 300 years ago in England and America if they take to heart the guidelines they drew up at their annual sessions recently at Silver Bay. In what may well be the strongest message of the 20th century by a major body within the denomination, Quakers were urged “unequivocally and at all costs” to hold to their Peace Testimony first formulated in a “Declaration from the ha…
0% match2 August 2007…caught my eye: A profile of J. Tony Serra, the radical defense lawyer and long-time tax resister who is “one of two war tax resisters since World War Ⅱ to have been jailed for ‘willful failure to pay’ federal income taxes.” A report from Bill Ramsey on his a…
0% match31 January 2008…31 January 2008 I just recently learned that the newsletters of the Syracuse Peace Council from 1936 to the present day are available on-line. This makes for an interesting historical walk-through of the concerns of the anti-war movements. There are interesting bits of war tax resistance history to be found there. For instance,…
0% match4 March 2010…From the 4 March 1978 Spokane Daily Chronicle: Irwin Hogenauer (1912–1984) Tax Protest Techniques Told Military expenditures take up 53 percent of the national budget, “a disproportionate amount,” but there are ways to protest…
0% match26 May 2008…26 May 2008 (1935–2008) From time to time, individual Quakers or Quaker delegations would meet wi…
0% match17 April 2013…“pay no taxes until June so the government cannot pay the bonuses and treat itself to a good time.” The American Enterprise Institute has issued a new edition of their useful compendium of poll results: Public Opinion on Taxes: 1937 to Today.…
0% match1 August 2013…ing indifferent to other man-made sources of suffering, for instance “our transporation system [which] has brought more death and injury to U.S. citizens than all the wars of the 20th century.” The national security establishment is just a large-scale version of such thoroughly moral defenses as “police forces and locks on houses” — they are n…
0% match9 January 2004…atants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-of-the-envelope calculations show that that comes to about two and a half million each year, about 6,500 per day, about one every 13 seconds. Even as a public health problem, tha…
0% match9 January 2004…One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-o…
0% match9 January 2004…Telemarketers Maybe it’s a little phobic to worry so much about the possibility of your neighbors turning into cogs in a mass killing machine. Maybe not. One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th…
0% match15 November 2006…in the gunsights of the Fox News set and the Republican talking points generators. The JROTC has been doing its thing in San Francisco’s public schools for 90 years now. “It’s basically a branding program, or a recruiting program for the military,” said Board member Dan Kelly. Students get school credit for participating in the program, which is funded 50/50 by the school…
0% match15 April 2005…th anniversary of Gandhi’s salt march: …The baseline fact is that the various Nation-States of this small and lonely planet have murdered around 200 million people in wars and internal conflicts during these [last 90] years. They have indirectly destroyed many millions more lives through Corporate-State institutionalized economic exploitation and ecological destruction. From these facts arise the questions…
0% match15 April 2005…on is the expropriation of private property under threat of violence. What is this if not theft? What is theft if not violence? Is this what Gandhi taught?… From whence comes the finance for Nation-States to murder 200 million people in the past 90 years? It comes from taxes mostly. Who paid the taxes? Was it not us as citizens? So, who financed the murder and who is responsible?… Peace is, at minimum, the absence of violence or threat of v…
0% match21 October 2010…the former). Perhaps the most fundamental tenet of all international norms is that a sovereign refrain from use of or threat of force in its relations with other countries. This policy has been consistently expressed in various forms as early as 1899 to the present. In the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, J…
0% match30 June 2011…of death travelled over the world today and visited each person, man woman and child, and killed with its breath every tenth person it visited, it would extinguish fewer lives than the governments of the world will murder off of the field of war in the next hundred years.” Someone muttered “anarchist” and turned on his heel and left with his family, and that’s when Leon became an anarchist. He shot and killed William McKinley, then president of the United…
0% match30 December 2003…nding the holidays with family and old friends in the town where I grew up and I haven’t been on-line much. I’ve also been reading an interesting book — Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an ey…
0% match30 December 2003…Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an eye toward finding some sort of strategy for making them less likely or not as awful in the next century. He explores these events from a number of angles — asking how the people who advocated t…
0% match28 January 2004…creature, like “Zeus” or “Fate” or “the wheels of history.” It’s a piece of shorthand, a literary device, but not an actual agent in the world we live in. It’s also the “bad faith” excuse behind much of the worst parts of the 20th century. I’ve done a casual read-through of the literature about the theory of government, and about anarchism, and I’ve had a hard time finding anything that se…
0% match27 June 2005…it is a profoundly dangerous situation for the American people. Mass murder of civilians is rarely the work of lonesome nuts operating totally outside of societal norms and beliefs. On the contrary, scratch the surface of most of the horrors of the twentieth century, and you will find a cold, cruel belief that the victims brought it upon themselves. Everyone shakes their head and loudly condemns the atrocity once the bodies are cold and deep under the earth…
0% match24 October 2004…U.S. experience in democratic nation building is daunting. The low rate of success is a sobering reminder that these are among the most difficult foreign policy ventures for the United States. Of the sixteen such efforts during the past century, democracy was sustained in only four cases ten years after the departure of U.S. forces. Two of these followed the total defeat and surrender…
0% match24 June 2007…h about a third of those who responded assumed that war tax resisters are likely to be imprisoned, in reality, you can almost count on your fingers the number of people who have done any time behind bars for war tax resistance in the United States in the last hundred years. Former war tax resisters, who might be expected to have more understanding of the consequences, listed jail as a likely consequence on only 6.4% of their surveys. Would they consider a o…
0% match23 May 2007…ematic production of conditions which undermine whatever positive cultural containment is in place.” Propaganda is crucial to this deliberate and systematic production of the conditions for collective evildoing. “In all cases of genocide in the twentieth century, the action… typically assumes the character of self-defense.… If there is a mentality characteristic of genocidal perpetrators, it is that of self-righteousness.” In what Vetlesen calls…
0% match19 March 2003…, no? I also believe that because I have free will, I’m responsible for the actions I choose — I cannot rent out my conscience to another person, army, government, corporation, majority or law-book. It’s not just unwise, given the history of the last century, but it is literally impossible. Each of my decisions is a decision I choose based on what I anticipate the consequences will be. I may take into account what the law says, or what the Bible sa…
0% match19 March 2003…, but ultimately I’m the one making the choice. If I ignore my conscience, I’m committing a particularly dangerous form of suicide — choking off the guardian of my free will and leaving behind the sort of dangerous robot who’s spent the last hundred years swerving from cradle to grave building gulags and genetically engineering more evil forms of smallpox. Not for me. Then what of my choice whether or not to pay the federal income tax? The…
0% match19 August 2007…ent”? The traditional alternative that has been offered to the prevailing economic model has been some form of state socialism. “But,” McKibben writes, “one real benefit of living in the twenty-first century is that the twentieth taught us an awful lot about what didn’t work.… It’s a great luxury for us to not even have to entertain the possibility that state socialism might be the way out of our troubles.” The something di…
0% match13 May 2005…lent Arab movements often ignore Palestinian resistance to Israel’s ‘security barrier’: The uprisings aren’t aligned with U.S. interests.” For much of the twentieth century, the chief means of overthrowing a government were guerilla warfare and military coups. Nonviolent resistance existed — at times it thrived — but it was generally regarded as an odd aberration t…
0% match11 November 2004…re) to declare our natural goodness and their natural badness is one thing, but that anyone believes there is an inherently moral distinction which can be defined geographically or racially means people just haven’t been paying attention to what the 20th century — of which the Milgram study was little more than a reiteration and foreshadowing — made hideously clear. Tell people to go to war, and mostly they will. Tell them to piss on…
0% match7 August 2004…ps, the only people at liberty will be prison guards who will then have to lock up one another. When only one remains, he will be called the “supreme guard,” and that will be the ideal society in which problems of opposition, the headache of all twentieth-century governments, will be settled once and for all. Of course, this is but a prophecy and, although governments and police forces throughout the world are striving, with great good will, to achi…
0% match7 April 2003…, and I will take all the blame if things go bad.” That’s snake oil. Can’t be done. It’s like a perpetual motion machine. And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing the…
0% match7 April 2003…And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing them into gas chambers, etc. thinking all the while that it wasn’t th…
0% match5 August 2007…d over our collective heads. This system of organizing a society of six billion human beings doesn’t work. Its institutionalized structural violence is destroying humanity and the earth. States have murdered more than 230 million human beings in the past 100 years. A system that places the power of planetary incineration into the hands of a few psychopathically aggressive tyrants is clearly insane. It is impossible to reform a system whose very foundation is…
0% match29 August 2005…xation is the fuel of war” — a phrase found in the L. Neil Smith essay from which these excerpts are taken: Since the beginning of the 20th century, Western populations have gradually become accustomed to higher and higher rates of taxation. Americans are presently commanded to stand and deliver…
0% match24 May 2005…a repeal of the tax but President Clinton vetoed it; new legislation is targeting it for repeal again. If Congress hasn’t been able to get rid of this “temporary” tax for 107 years, I won’t hold my breath. But I may not have to — the phone tax is starting to decay in the face of modern communication technology without much help from the politicians. The internet is part of this.…
0% match5 July 2013…riends Journal is dated 2 July 1955, and billed itself as “Successor to The Friend (1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting since 1827, had reunified earlier in 1955…
0% match5 July 2013…5 July 2013 The first edition of the Friends Journal is dated 2 July 1955, and billed itself as “Successor to The Friend (1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting…
0% match5 July 2013…(1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting since 1827, had reunified earlier in 1955. The new magazine reflected this merger: The Friend had been the organ of the Orthodox meeting, and the…
0% match29 August 2005…umes could — and have — been written about the economic and social damage this kind of taxation does to a culture. But what concerns me here is that taxation is the fuel of war. Warfare of the kind witnessed for the first time only in the 19th and 20th centuries, warfare that kills tens of millions in the space of only a few years, warfare that snuffs out whole cities in the blink of an eye, is…
0% match30 May 2008…today’s and tomorrow’s entries, as I’ll be off the grid for a few days. In Lillian Schlissel’s Conscience in America: A documentary history of conscientious objection in America, 1757–1967 (1968) is an excerpt from a letter to the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1795 that I haven’t been able to find elsewhere, and the author of which re…
0% match12 November 2005…Bush took office (and he did take it), his government has borrowed $1.05 trillion. That is to say, over one thousand billion. Remember how many a billion is? $1.05 trillion is more than the total borrowed by every administration between 1776 and 2000 ($1.01 trillion). The mind implodes. Half of this nation’s debt in 224 years, the other half since Junior Bush got the top job. Remember how far away the sun is? We have spent enough d…
0% match6 July 2013…r tax resistance had been, that in 1960 war tax resistance could be described in a Quaker publication as possibly “emerging as a new testimony.” (The same issue has an article titled “The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1660–1960: Some Suggestions for Witness and Rededication” that doesn’t mention taxes at all.) In the 1 November issue, in an article on “The Peace Testimony and the Monthly Mee…
0% match5 August 2013…as an extract from J. William Frost’s Tax Court testimony in the Deming case, in which he explained the Quaker war tax resistance practice: The peace testimony has been a basic part of Quaker religious belief since the 1660s. The testimony has not been static; it has evolved over time as Friends thought out the implications of what it meant to be a bringer of peace. Some of the most creative actions of members of…
0% match1 March 2013…to military tax payment on the part of CFS employees will be accepted as an appropriate stance, in keeping with the Friends Peace Testimony established and upheld by Quakers since its original expression in 1660.” At present, the letter is in the hands of the IRS. Regardless of the outcome, the school…