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100% match25 November 2010…x Resistance League view with the utmost indignation the proposal of the Government to extend the franchise to all men whilst ignoring the claim to citizenship of any woman, and calls upon all tax-paying women to resist the payment of Imperial taxes, as a protest against this further measure of injustice. It has been decided to hold a John Hampden dinner on the evening of Tuesday, December 12, at the Hotel Cecil.…
9% matchTax Resistance in “The Vote”…5 November Welsh Campaign Mary McLeod Cleeves’s dogcart auctioned, protest; Marguerite A. Sidley, Mr. Hyde, Mrs. Ross 1911 14 January Married Women and Tax Resistance text of a Women’s Tax Resistance League pamphlet…
9% match28 September 2012…urt appeals to try to get the tax declared unconstitutional, but in 1954 they lost their case and began paying the taxes. The women’s suffrage movement in the United Kingdom The National Insurance Act of 1911 required all workers to pay a portion of their paycheck into a fund for government-run health and unemployment benefits. Members of the women’s suffrage movement saw this as another tax enacted without their co…
9% match28 November 2008…ys that “she continued to file tax suits long after the courts had rejected this strategy. By the end of her life, Sargent declared herself ‘a homemade anarchist and this Gov. has made me so.’ When she died during the 1911 suffrage referendum campaign, the flags of San Francisco flew at half-mast for the first time in honor of a woman.” Women in California were granted the vote, by a majority of male voters, with a constitutional amendmen…
9% match28 November 2008…strategy. By the end of her life, Sargent declared herself ‘a homemade anarchist and this Gov. has made me so.’ When she died during the 1911 suffrage referendum campaign, the flags of San Francisco flew at half-mast for the first time in honor of a woman.” Women in California were granted the vote, by a majority of male voters, with a constitutional amendment passed as a referendum in the 1911 election.…
9% match27 September 2012…ilies of those behind bars. Gandhi in South Africa Gandhi usually stressed that satyagrahis should be self-reliant and not expect much in the way of organizational assistance, but when he was planning a tax strike in South Africa in 1911 he thought that supporting imprisoned strikers’ families was a priority: Finally the refusal to pay the tax! Then, undoubtedly, the Congress should undertake to feed the wives an…
9% match23 September 2012…ders to be addressed as “Sir,” and not by their proper title of courtesy. The State seems to take for granted that there can be no free women or women freeholders in the country, but that all the land must be owned by men. The following year, Charlotte Despard announced that this strategy of non-cooperation would be extended to the census proper. One news account said: The census would cost a great deal…
9% match19 December 2011…said they were encouraging Africans to give up their savage lives of wasteful sloth and to take up the ennobling and enterprising ways of civilization. But as interesting as all that is, the “labour tax” that farmers were rebelling against in 1911 was something else — it sounds like it was a tax on white farmers who were benefitting from this exploitation of labor enabled by the government. Unfortunately, I have been unable to find out much more about the apparen…
9% match19 December 2011…19 December 2011 The place: Rhodesia. The time: 1911. The source: “The Future of Rhodesia” by H.T. Longden from The Quarterly Review (1914) [Farmers] have shown that when rouse…
9% match19 December 2011…The Quarterly Review (1914) [Farmers] have shown that when roused they can act together. The Labour Tax resistance movement is an example. In 1911 an Ordinance was passed through the Legislative Council which imposed a tax of 1s. per month per man on all employers of labour. The proceeds of the tax were not to be…
9% match14 March 2011…ration the action by the Lord Advocate on behalf of the Inland Revenue Commissioners against Janie Allan, residing at Greystone, Prestwick, Ayrshire, for payment of £109, being the amount of supertax due by her on her income under the Finance Act, 1911. The Pursuer maintained that the word “person” in the Finance Act included females as well as males. Miss Allan, who conducted her own case, contended that so long as women were denied any voice in the exp…
9% match14 August 2010…the police had begun demanding protection money from Greek street vendors and that Greek efforts to get some representation on the police force were still ongoing at least as of 1911. There were also stories from this period about Greeks being arrested for violating prohibition laws and laws prohibiting businesses from being open on Sunday.…
9% match11 October 2012…bbing a Jewish policeman and snatching a rifle from an Arab guard. Police tried to drag the cart from the building, but the rope parted. They said they then detonated the bomb with rifle fire, but ‘miscalculated the charge.’” In 1911, the Railway Protection Movement in Sichuan destroyed tax offices there. In St. Claire county, Missouri, in 1877, “a gang…
9% match5 October 2010…d for one week, but received the treatment of a political prisoner; he had the satisfaction of knowing that his protest led to the repeal of the Annuity Tax. The next people who committed a political offence in Edinburgh were two Suffragettes, who last year — fifty-two years later than Mr. Brown’s incarceration — were imprisoned, but were not treated as political prisoners.…
9% match3 October 2012…o the pie.” The women’s suffrage movement in the United Kingdom was particularly noted for its courthouse and jailhouse rallies: When Clemence Housman was jailed for failure to pay about $1 of tax in 1911 — with the authorities telling her that they were authorized to keep her in jail until she paid up, however long that took — the Women’s Tax Resistance League held a protest outside the prison, and “gave thr…
9% match3 May 2008…October, 1672, a group of Quakers wrote to the governor of New York to explain why they wouldn’t be giving him money to repair his fort (this from Rufus M. Jones’s The Quakers in the American Colonies, 1911): Whereas it was desired of the country that all who would willingly contribute towards repairing the fort of New York would give in their names and sums, and we whose names are…
9% match2 July 2012…use, the bailiffs procured a battering ram, and, with the assistance of the police, accomplished his purpose at the end of two hours by smashing in the front door. [Mrs. Harvey has for years been an ardent exponent of tax resistance. In 1911 her goods were seized and sold for inhabited house duty, and last year her residence was barricaded against the King’s officers for eight months, entry by force being a last effected unde…
8% match14 March 2011…Lord Cullen granted decree against the defender in terms of the conclusions of the summons, with expenses. In his opinion, his Lordship said:— The defender, Miss Allan, was, under the statutes relating to Income-tax, assessed for supertax for the year ending April 5, 1912, the sum payable under the assessment being £109 1s. The assessment was in conformity with a return of her income made by the…
3% match11 April 2011…Tax Resistance. The Unsold Waggon at Ipswich. There is a waggon on the Cowslip Farm at Witnesham, Suffolk, which has become quite celebrated. It has been sold twice annually for the last three years and still remains on the same farm. It was drawn into Bond’s Sale Yard at Ipswich on Tuesday, April 1, and the plate on it disclosed it as the proper…
1% match14 December 2004…o fulfill any of the citizen duties they currently performed. Tax resistance proved to be the longest-lived form of militancy, and the most difficult to prosecute. More than 220 women, mostly middle-class, participated in tax resistance between 1906 and 1918, some continuing to resist through the First World War, despite a general suspension of militancy. Suffragettes resisted payment of two general categories of tax: the first included property tax…
0% match28 January 2013…Jan. 28. I am, etc., J.R. Firth. John Robert Firth was an alderman in Strathfield from 1911 to 1948 and also served as mayor twice during that span. From surviving records that have made it on-line, his interests included Congregationalism, disarmament via a League of Nations-like world government, a…
0% match30 August 2012…and imprisonment reminiscent of their early struggles 300 years ago in England and America if they take to heart the guidelines they drew up at their annual sessions recently at Silver Bay. In what may well be the strongest message of the 20th century by a major body within the denomination, Quakers were urged “unequivocally and at all costs” to hold to their Peace Testimony first formulated in a “Declaration from the ha…
0% match14 December 2004…ound intriguing hints but few details about the role of tax resistance in the women’s suffrage movement in Great Britain. Here’s a bit more, in an excerpt from The Militant Suffrage Movement: Citizenship and Resistance in Britain, 1860–1930: The Women’s Tax Resistance League is covered in a ch…
0% match4 November 2005…nother look at the role tax resistance played in Britain’s women’s suffrage movement, in an excerpt from Laura E. Nym Mayhall’s The Militant Suffrage Movement: Citizenship and Resistance in Britain, 1860–1930 (I’ve added some paragraph breaks to ease on-line legibility): [Dora] Montefiore argued that because women had no representation, they could not make their posit…
0% match1 August 2013…ing indifferent to other man-made sources of suffering, for instance “our transporation system [which] has brought more death and injury to U.S. citizens than all the wars of the 20th century.” The national security establishment is just a large-scale version of such thoroughly moral defenses as “police forces and locks on houses” — they are n…
0% match9 January 2004…atants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-of-the-envelope calculations show that that comes to about two and a half million each year, about 6,500 per day, about one every 13 seconds. Even as a public health problem, tha…
0% match9 January 2004…One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th Century. An additional number of people, about a quarter as large a total, were killed in the course of warfare in that timespan. Some back-o…
0% match9 January 2004…Telemarketers Maybe it’s a little phobic to worry so much about the possibility of your neighbors turning into cogs in a mass killing machine. Maybe not. One estimate was that (as of 1987), governments had organized people in such a way as to murder about 170,000,000 noncombatants off of the field of war (typically their own citizens) in the 20th…
0% match21 October 2010…the former). Perhaps the most fundamental tenet of all international norms is that a sovereign refrain from use of or threat of force in its relations with other countries. This policy has been consistently expressed in various forms as early as 1899 to the present. In the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, J…
0% match30 June 2011…of death travelled over the world today and visited each person, man woman and child, and killed with its breath every tenth person it visited, it would extinguish fewer lives than the governments of the world will murder off of the field of war in the next hundred years.” Someone muttered “anarchist” and turned on his heel and left with his family, and that’s when Leon became an anarchist. He shot and killed William McKinley, then president of the United…
0% match30 December 2003…nding the holidays with family and old friends in the town where I grew up and I haven’t been on-line much. I’ve also been reading an interesting book — Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an ey…
0% match30 December 2003…Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century by Jonathan Glover. The book tries to examine some of the worst wars and atrocities of the last century with an eye toward finding some sort of strategy for making them less likely or not as awful in the next century. He explores these events from a number of angles — asking how the people who advocated t…
0% match28 January 2004…creature, like “Zeus” or “Fate” or “the wheels of history.” It’s a piece of shorthand, a literary device, but not an actual agent in the world we live in. It’s also the “bad faith” excuse behind much of the worst parts of the 20th century. I’ve done a casual read-through of the literature about the theory of government, and about anarchism, and I’ve had a hard time finding anything that se…
0% match27 June 2005…it is a profoundly dangerous situation for the American people. Mass murder of civilians is rarely the work of lonesome nuts operating totally outside of societal norms and beliefs. On the contrary, scratch the surface of most of the horrors of the twentieth century, and you will find a cold, cruel belief that the victims brought it upon themselves. Everyone shakes their head and loudly condemns the atrocity once the bodies are cold and deep under the earth…
0% match24 October 2004…U.S. experience in democratic nation building is daunting. The low rate of success is a sobering reminder that these are among the most difficult foreign policy ventures for the United States. Of the sixteen such efforts during the past century, democracy was sustained in only four cases ten years after the departure of U.S. forces. Two of these followed the total defeat and surrender…
0% match24 June 2007…h about a third of those who responded assumed that war tax resisters are likely to be imprisoned, in reality, you can almost count on your fingers the number of people who have done any time behind bars for war tax resistance in the United States in the last hundred years. Former war tax resisters, who might be expected to have more understanding of the consequences, listed jail as a likely consequence on only 6.4% of their surveys. Would they consider a o…
0% match23 May 2007…ematic production of conditions which undermine whatever positive cultural containment is in place.” Propaganda is crucial to this deliberate and systematic production of the conditions for collective evildoing. “In all cases of genocide in the twentieth century, the action… typically assumes the character of self-defense.… If there is a mentality characteristic of genocidal perpetrators, it is that of self-righteousness.” In what Vetlesen calls…
0% match19 March 2003…, no? I also believe that because I have free will, I’m responsible for the actions I choose — I cannot rent out my conscience to another person, army, government, corporation, majority or law-book. It’s not just unwise, given the history of the last century, but it is literally impossible. Each of my decisions is a decision I choose based on what I anticipate the consequences will be. I may take into account what the law says, or what the Bible sa…
0% match19 March 2003…, but ultimately I’m the one making the choice. If I ignore my conscience, I’m committing a particularly dangerous form of suicide — choking off the guardian of my free will and leaving behind the sort of dangerous robot who’s spent the last hundred years swerving from cradle to grave building gulags and genetically engineering more evil forms of smallpox. Not for me. Then what of my choice whether or not to pay the federal income tax? The…
0% match19 August 2007…ent”? The traditional alternative that has been offered to the prevailing economic model has been some form of state socialism. “But,” McKibben writes, “one real benefit of living in the twenty-first century is that the twentieth taught us an awful lot about what didn’t work.… It’s a great luxury for us to not even have to entertain the possibility that state socialism might be the way out of our troubles.” The something di…
0% match13 May 2005…lent Arab movements often ignore Palestinian resistance to Israel’s ‘security barrier’: The uprisings aren’t aligned with U.S. interests.” For much of the twentieth century, the chief means of overthrowing a government were guerilla warfare and military coups. Nonviolent resistance existed — at times it thrived — but it was generally regarded as an odd aberration t…
0% match11 November 2004…re) to declare our natural goodness and their natural badness is one thing, but that anyone believes there is an inherently moral distinction which can be defined geographically or racially means people just haven’t been paying attention to what the 20th century — of which the Milgram study was little more than a reiteration and foreshadowing — made hideously clear. Tell people to go to war, and mostly they will. Tell them to piss on…
0% match7 August 2004…ps, the only people at liberty will be prison guards who will then have to lock up one another. When only one remains, he will be called the “supreme guard,” and that will be the ideal society in which problems of opposition, the headache of all twentieth-century governments, will be settled once and for all. Of course, this is but a prophecy and, although governments and police forces throughout the world are striving, with great good will, to achi…
0% match7 April 2003…, and I will take all the blame if things go bad.” That’s snake oil. Can’t be done. It’s like a perpetual motion machine. And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing the…
0% match7 April 2003…And, crucially, it killed almost two hundred million people in the last century. Which is to say, people killed almost two hundred million other people in the last century, shooting them in the back of the head, starving them to death, stuffing them into gas chambers, etc. thinking all the while that it wasn’t th…
0% match5 August 2007…d over our collective heads. This system of organizing a society of six billion human beings doesn’t work. Its institutionalized structural violence is destroying humanity and the earth. States have murdered more than 230 million human beings in the past 100 years. A system that places the power of planetary incineration into the hands of a few psychopathically aggressive tyrants is clearly insane. It is impossible to reform a system whose very foundation is…
0% match29 August 2005…xation is the fuel of war” — a phrase found in the L. Neil Smith essay from which these excerpts are taken: Since the beginning of the 20th century, Western populations have gradually become accustomed to higher and higher rates of taxation. Americans are presently commanded to stand and deliver…
0% match13 May 2012…no state in which there is a more distinctly organized and active party operating to effect repudiation if they can. “Repudiation” here means individual states defaulting on their debts. The United States in the early 1840s were something like the European Union in the early 2010s — overextended, out of money, with failing institutions, a public unwilling to tighten the belts and pay off th…
0% match24 May 2005…a repeal of the tax but President Clinton vetoed it; new legislation is targeting it for repeal again. If Congress hasn’t been able to get rid of this “temporary” tax for 107 years, I won’t hold my breath. But I may not have to — the phone tax is starting to decay in the face of modern communication technology without much help from the politicians. The internet is part of this.…
0% match5 July 2013…riends Journal is dated 2 July 1955, and billed itself as “Successor to The Friend (1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting since 1827, had reunified earlier in 1955…
0% match14 November 2007…the power to tax is the power to destroy, and they did not wish to have one group of citizens, or one part of the country penalized for the unfair advantage of another. How wise and farsighted they were! For one hundred and twenty-five years this was our traditional, constitutional system of taxation, and under it we built the richest, most powerful nation in the world. We developed and maintained for the majority of our…
0% match14 November 2007…atever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.” And when we adopted this income tax amendment, we departed from our constitutional method of taxation. For one hundred and twenty-five years, the Federal Government had levied taxes and they were always apportioned among the several States. Why do you suppose the Constitution is so specific and so explicit that…
0% match5 July 2013…5 July 2013 The first edition of the Friends Journal is dated 2 July 1955, and billed itself as “Successor to The Friend (1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting…
0% match5 July 2013…(1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting since 1827, had reunified earlier in 1955. The new magazine reflected this merger: The Friend had been the organ of the Orthodox meeting, and the…
0% match29 August 2005…umes could — and have — been written about the economic and social damage this kind of taxation does to a culture. But what concerns me here is that taxation is the fuel of war. Warfare of the kind witnessed for the first time only in the 19th and 20th centuries, warfare that kills tens of millions in the space of only a few years, warfare that snuffs out whole cities in the blink of an eye, is…
0% match30 May 2008…today’s and tomorrow’s entries, as I’ll be off the grid for a few days. In Lillian Schlissel’s Conscience in America: A documentary history of conscientious objection in America, 1757–1967 (1968) is an excerpt from a letter to the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1795 that I haven’t been able to find elsewhere, and the author of which re…
0% match12 November 2005…Bush took office (and he did take it), his government has borrowed $1.05 trillion. That is to say, over one thousand billion. Remember how many a billion is? $1.05 trillion is more than the total borrowed by every administration between 1776 and 2000 ($1.01 trillion). The mind implodes. Half of this nation’s debt in 224 years, the other half since Junior Bush got the top job. Remember how far away the sun is? We have spent enough d…
0% match23 August 2013…etter to the Pennsylvania assembly concerning a royal levy, [a portion of the PDF is illegible at this point] -tion of Christ and Fox. As reported by Peter Brock in his The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1660–1914, it states in part: And being painfully apprehensive that the large sum granted by the… Assembly for the King’s use is principally intended for purposes in…
0% match6 July 2013…r tax resistance had been, that in 1960 war tax resistance could be described in a Quaker publication as possibly “emerging as a new testimony.” (The same issue has an article titled “The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1660–1960: Some Suggestions for Witness and Rededication” that doesn’t mention taxes at all.) In the 1 November issue, in an article on “The Peace Testimony and the Monthly Mee…
0% match24 December 2013…1 to 11. And when we women, individually, tried to reason with our men we were told, almost in chorus: “‘Dear ladies, to give you the suffrage, we would have to change our Constitution. And ladies — ladies — that has been changed only since 1629! [sic]’” “Now,” ask the women of Bermuda, “what are you going to do with men who haven’t yet emerged from the sixteen hundreds? How are we going to prevail upon them?” St…
0% match5 August 2013…as an extract from J. William Frost’s Tax Court testimony in the Deming case, in which he explained the Quaker war tax resistance practice: The peace testimony has been a basic part of Quaker religious belief since the 1660s. The testimony has not been static; it has evolved over time as Friends thought out the implications of what it meant to be a bringer of peace. Some of the most creative actions of members of…
0% match1 March 2013…to military tax payment on the part of CFS employees will be accepted as an appropriate stance, in keeping with the Friends Peace Testimony established and upheld by Quakers since its original expression in 1660.” At present, the letter is in the hands of the IRS. Regardless of the outcome, the school…