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100% match“Resistance to Civil Government” by H.D. Thoreau…Henry David Thoreau’s “Resistance to Civil Government” or, “Civil Disobedience” (1849) I heart­ily accept the motto, — “That gov­ern­ment is best which gov­erns least;” and I should like to see it acted up to more rap­idly and sys­tem­at­i­cally. Car­ried out, it fi­nally amounts to this, which also I believe, — “That…
100% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1856)…Perseus and Medusa Samuel Smith, executed for burglary in Concord in 1799. The courthouse where the gallows was displayed burned down in 1849. Crusaders, Northmen, Boucaniers…
100% match30 October 2003…30 October 2003 I’ve mentioned before how I was inspired to embark on my experiment in tax resistance by reading Henry David Thoreau’s 1849 essay Resistance to Civil Government (more popularly known as Civil Disobedience). Today I came across an study written a few years ago about Thoreau’s essay — …
100% match29 October 2014…ing to pay these fines or allowing others to do it, the spoiling of our goods and the imprisonment of our members for this precious cause — the cause of peace on earth — would soon be a narrative of times that are past. In 1849, Pennsylvania changed its law so that a small (50¢) militia exemption fine would be quietly added to the ordinary state tax of anyone who was not enrolled in the militia. This caught some Quakers off guard, and the Phil…
100% match24 August 2010…24 August 2010 On 24 August 1849, a meeting of the Second General Peace Congress was held in Paris, presided over by Victor Hugo, at which a number of proposals were debated. One of them concerned war taxes and loans: The President stated th…
100% match24 August 2010…loan; and how is the money thus borrowed from the savings of honest industry expended? What is war in our day? Has it learned any of the charities of peace? Let us see. I hold in my hand an extract from a proclamation issued at Pesth, dated 19th July, and signed “Haynau.” Praying forgiveness for your outraged feelings, I will read it:—…
100% match24 August 2010…Finally: The President: As the close of the discussion has been called for, I put the resolution upon loans in support of war to the vote. The resolution was then unanimously adopted. From Report of the Proceedings of the Second General Peace Congress London: Charles Gilpin, 1849 (pages 78–82).…
100% match23 August 2011…u are.” Today I’ll try to dig up some more information about Zerah Colburn Whipple. Zerah C. Whipple (1 September 1849–12 September 1879) The story of his tax resistance is told briefly in Anna B. Williams’s The Rogerenes: Some Hither…
100% match21 November 2007…To The Finland Station I first learned about this case, writes that “the effect [of Marx’s defense] on the jury was so great that Marx was thanked on their behalf by the foreman for his ‘extremely informative speech.’”) After the acquittal, Marx gloated: Quite apart from the question whether the decision on the refusal to pa…
100% match19 February 2005…ther people to change their lives and make sacrifices (to risk prosecution and financial hardship by deserting the military, to forgo financial aid for college by refusing draft registration, and so forth). Thoreau saw through this sort of thing over a hundred and fifty years ago: See what gross inconsistency is tolerated. I have heard some of my townsmen say, “I should like to have them ord…
100% match18 July 2014…ime of the latter, but I do have one example. This is a letter to the editor in the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian from “A Farmer” published in its 13 January 1849 issue (about five years after the Rebecca Riots had died down): Sir, — Turnpike-gate riots, almost in every respect similar to the Rebecca riots, took place in B…
100% match17 September 2007…heir bank accounts or other assets. In addition, a 6 per cent interest penalty is charged each year on the unpaid tax balance. The group’s appeal for support included a quotation from Henry David Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience,” written in 1849 and protesting American involvement in the Mexican War. The writer said, in part: “When… a whole country is overrun and conquered by a foreign army, and subjected to mili…
100% match15 August 2010…te. The soldier is applauded who refuses to serve in an unjust war by those who do not refuse to sustain the unjust government which makes the war… In this way, at least, the “peace movement” hasn’t changed much since 1849, when Thoreau wrote this passage in Civil Disobedience. By and large, pacifists and anti-war “activists” disapprove of war, parade and preach against it,…
100% match14 September 2009…mode of defeating our adversaries was by legal resistance; and the plan proposed by Le Peuple, namely, an organized refusal to pay the taxes all over the country, would have been a most effectual instrument. Since the 13th June, however, this is no longer practicable or necessary; my proposition was received with distrust by the radicals: if the people refuse to pay taxes once, said these slavish advoca…
100% match5 November 2004…ay yet and we’ve got what they’re looking for. I appended an excerpt from Thoreau’s Resistance to Civil Government that seemed to speak extremely well to today’s election aftermath from a perspective about a hundred and fifty years back (I’ve taken the liberty of chopping paragraphs more finely than in the original, for ease of on-line reading):…
100% match3 May 2012…eholder of a railroad that has pledged to give special treatment to military shipments in wartime, he has the sort of complicity with war that ought to bother a good Quaker: A large meeting of Citizens was held last night at the Chinese Museum, Joseph R. Ingersoll in the chair, to forward additional subscriptions to the Pennsylvania Rail Road. A good spirit is said to have prevailed. Ward Commissioners were appointed &…
100% match3 May 2012…3 May 2012 Here’s an entry from Thomas P. Cope’s journal, dated 3 May 1849, in which he (a little too facilely) tries to sort out whether as a shareholder of a railroad that has pledged to give special treatment to military shipments in wartime, he has the sort of complicity with war that ought to bother a good Quaker: A large meeting of Citizens was held…
100% match3 May 2012…Cope had been a member of the Pennsylvania state Constitutional Convention in 1837, and had lobbied that body to relieve Quakers from militia service or from the payment of militia exemption taxes. The following month he wrote about a collection of old papers in a trunk that the owner was about to destroy: Among the loose papers I picked up one is signed Griffith John, in wh…
50% match26 February 2007…cular, on conformity, seems to show that Thoreau was already rehearsing the themes that would come out in Resistance to Civil Government a dozen years later. Others of the essays show Thoreau as an astute wrestler with ethical philosophy, choosing his words carefully and being skeptical of philosophi…
50% match20 December 2012…t-wing Chancellor Bismarck. Here’s an excerpt about his tax resistance from that article: Bucher is a “Forty-eighter.” That is, he was one of the men who, like Franz Sigel, rebelled against the Government in 1848–49, and demanded a strictly constitutional administration. But 29 years old, he became known as “Bucher the Red” in the Prussian Parliament, where he sat on the extreme left, while his later master, Otto von Bis…
50% match20 December 2012…finally found something a little meatier. Bucher was arrested and tried for fomenting tax resistance around the same time and in the same cause as Karl Marx, during the constitutionalist rebellion against an autocratic Prussian government in 1848–9. The New York Sun did a recap of Bucher’s career later on, when, in an unlikely across-the-aisles alliance, he had become the right-hand man of right-wing Chancellor Bismarck. H…
50% match11 November 2011…mned for “refusing to give to Cæsar the things that were Cæsar’s.” To this appeal several Roman Catholics of Silesia retorted by an address in which they expressed their fear for the spiritual condition of the clergy, since they had never paid taxes at all. This, from The Revolutionary Movement of 1848–9 in Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany by C. Edmund Maurice (1887 edition).…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1860-1861)…part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1860 and 1861. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (late 1859)…from 19 October 1859 through the end of that year (the John Brown entries). For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (early 1859)…ournals for 1859, up through mid-October. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1858)…science. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1858. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1857)…science. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1857. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1856)…science. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1856. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1855)…science. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1855. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1854)…science. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1854. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1853)…science. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1853. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852 1853…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1851)…science. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1851. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852 1853…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1841-1850)…ics, duty, and conscience. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1841 through 1850. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1841-1850)…Excerpts from Henry David Thoreau’s journals part two (1841–1850) This is part two of a collection of excerpts from the journals of Henry David Thoreau concerning law, government, man in society, war, economics, duty, and conscience. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1841 through 1850. For other parts, see:…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1841-1850)…50) This is part two of a collection of excerpts from the journals of Henry David Thoreau concerning law, government, man in society, war, economics, duty, and conscience. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1841 through 1850. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1838-1840)…omics, duty, and conscience. This part covers Thoreau’s journals for 1837 through 1840. For other parts, see: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals…government, man in society, war, economics, duty, and conscience. It is divided into thirteen web pages: 1837–1840 1841–1850 1851 1852…
10% match20 June 2011…that the exact meaning still eluded her, she had secured textbooks and, when well past middle age, had taught herself the Hebrew language. In 1847 she had begun, word by word, a translation of the original sources. In the next nine years she had made not one but five complete translations of both Old and New Testaments, two from the Greek, one from the Latin, and two from the Hebrew. In the final copy she was satisfied that she ha…
9% match20 March 2010…ed my trajectory (but this can be as much because I’m already on a course that harmonizes with the book as because the book doesn’t much move me) — any recommendations? Timewise, the books in my top ten have a couple of clusters: one around 1849–59 and another around 1957–78, with only one outlier, also the only book on the list from this century, Hochschild’s Bury the Chains.…
6% match21 June 2012…21 June 2012 Today, some news accounts and testimony of resistance to the annuity and other church taxes by Scottish and other British nonconformists in the mid-19th Century. These accounts include such tactics as passively-resisting arrest (going limp), disrupting auctions of seized goods, boycotts of such auctions by sympathetic auctioneers and carters, intimidation of…
6% match5 November 2012…lain truth was that those officials had abdicated their governing function, leaving the field of battle to local taxpayers and remote investors. During the Annuity Tax resistance in Edinburgh in mid-19th Century, a group of resisters liberated an arrested resister. A newspaper report at the time said, “we hear that the constables are on the alert each night to catch the ma…
5% match15 February 2007…action, but without much success. An amusing account of one attempt comes from one Andreas (Andrew) Smolnikar, who described himself as: “Formerly eighteen years priest benedictine monk and imperial royal professor of biblical literature; afterwards since A.D. 1838, by signs according to prophecies declared and confirmed representative of messengers for the introduction of the universal republic, commonly although improperly calle…
4% match16 June 2009…his title, from Thoreau’s belief that the best of one’s thoughts are unvarnished, stripped of the gloss that makes them palatable to the masses: “Let it be the price of freedom to make that known.” The book presents Thoreau’s reflections, circa 1837 to 1861, on the church, government, the media and many other topics, generously footnoted by Gross. Although Thoreau died a few years before the Civil War settled the slavery issue, a number of entries con…
3% match17 August 2014…17 August 2014 The Spectator covered the annuity tax resistance in Scotland in the mid 19th century. Here are some excerpts of note: From the 17 August 1833 edition (excerpt):…
3% match25 January 2006…ples. American anarchists like Josiah Warren, William B. Greene, and Benjamin Tucker challenged the government monopoly on currency, and Warren’s labor notes are an early 19th century ancestor of the Time Dollars variety of local alternative currencies currently found in some areas of…
2% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1851)…the attraction. If you wish to study the muscles of the leg about the knee, repair to Quebec. Thoreau reworked much of this material for A Yankee in Canada. George Warburton (1816–1857), author of The Conquest of Canada (1850) That is, British loyalists who backed the losing side in the American revolution and fled…
2% match22 July 2008…Another responds: The refusal to pay the income tax suggested here is a legitimate method of civil disobedience advocated by Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862), American naturalist, philosopher, and author of the book Walden and an important essay “Civil disobedience.” Thoreau had a major influence on leaders of non-violent res…
2% match29 May 2013…ghbourhood about this rate? The feeling is such that whether the Act of Parliament remains or not, they will not pay it. I want to know how it is they have come to that conclusion, after having paid it, as we are told, since 1829, in full? Because they paid it simply out of respect for the late archdeacon. This question has not just cropped up now; there was an Association formed years ago. This undercurrent…
2% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1856)…2 uses lacked penetration, & their foe steadily advances nevertheless, to tear them in pieces, with their well-aimed balls flattened on his forehead.3 Jules Gérard (1817–1864) The party had only been around for two years at this point, and had recently nominated its first presidential candidate, John Frémont. Thoreau’s evocation of gunplay is more than meta…
2% match29 October 2014…the Quaker practice of war tax resistance evolved, particularly in America, during the period of time surrounding and including the United States Civil War. The U.S. Civil War period (1828–1875) Once the United States was an established fact, it took a little while for the individual state governments to solidify their constitutions, and for the federal system to evolve into something stable…
2% match22 October 2014…o strengthen the testimony against paying war taxes, but ended by splitting the Society. The U.S. Civil War period (1828–1875) American Quakers identify with the abolitionist cause, which eventually becomes a war aim of the Union side in the Civil War. The society largely maintains its peace testimony and refusal…
2% match30 October 2005…e, yet who ultimately prevailed. From 1647, when George Fox began his public ministry, until the passage of the Toleration Act of 1689, the Quakers were subject to almost continuous persecution. It was not until the early 1800s, that they were no longer imprisoned for nonpayment of taxes to the Anglican church and that their complete religious freedom was recognized. The spirit of truth which inspires the conscienti…
2% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1854)…orted in her carriage by gendarmes, for fear of robbery.” This illustrates the close connexion between luxury & robbery — but commonly the gendarmes are further off. Anna Cora Mowatt (1819–1870) 21 September 1854 I sometimes seem to myself to owe all my little success, all for which men commend…
2% match“The Kingdom of God Is Within You” by Leo Tolstoy…most unknown. The same ingloriousness has fallen to the share of another champion of non-resistance to evil, the American Adin Ballou, who lately died, and who preached this doctrine for fifty years. How little is known of what refers to the question of non-resistance may be seen from the fact that Garrison’s son, who has written an excellent biography of his father in four volumes, this son of Garrison…
2% match“The Kingdom of God Is Within You” by Leo Tolstoy…d by their martyr’s death. Peace be with all who seek peace, and all-conquering love be the imperishable inheritance of every soul, which voluntarily submits to the Law of Christ: “Resist not evil.” In the course of fifty years, Ballou wrote and edited books dealing mainly with the question of nonresistance to evil. In these works, which are beautiful in their lucidity of thought and elegance of expression, the question is discusse…
2% match“The Kingdom of God Is Within You” by Leo Tolstoy…been observed and pointed out long ago, and that men have without cessation worked to arraign it. Ballou’s activity still more confirmed this fact to me. But the fate of Garrison and especially of Ballou, who is not known to any one, in spite of his fifty years of stubborn and constant work in one and the same direction, has also confirmed to me the other fact, that there exists some kind of unexpressed but firm understanding as to passing all such attempts in sile…
2% match1 February 2010…Mr. Gerrish. From 1843 to 1847, Mr. Ritter represented the county in Congress, and died in 1851, aged 73. The Ritter family had a continuous interest in the paper from 1802 to 1857, a period of fifty-five years. Other changes have taken place in the proprietorship, the last in 1874, when it fell to the possession of William S.…
2% match17 September 2005…September 17, 1859 At the pre-emptory request of a large majority of the citizens of these United States, I Joshua Norton, formerly of Algoa Bay, Cape of Good Hope, and now for the last nine years and ten months past of San Fransisco, California, declare and proclaim myself the Emperor of These United States.…
2% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1855)…p;c &c where they live. 4 Frank Henry Temple Bellew (1828–1888) Charles Fourier. William Howitt (1792–1879…
1% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1853)…time.7 Temperance movement Andrew T. Foss? Henry Clarke Wright (1797–1870), a radical abolitionist, anarchist, and inveterate journal-writer who would go on to passionately defend John Brown’s violent resistance to slavery — you’d think they’d have gotten along better…
1% match17 February 2007…otheosis of Washington in the eye of the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol was painted in the true fresco technique by Constantino Brumidi in 1865. Brumidi (1805–1880) was born and trained in Rome and had painted in the Vatican and Roman palaces before emigrating to the United States in 1852. … The figures, up to 15 feet tall, were painted to…
1% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1851)…cs, but sometimes as eupeptics? Thoreau reworked the last half of this paragraph to conclude Life Without Principle. Cyrus Warren (1790–1866) was a Concord resident. As a boy, another Cyrus Warren had been among Thoreau’s students at the Concord Academy. 1…
1% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1854)…force of the State, if need be, is at the service of a slaveholder, to enable him to carry back a slave, not a soldier is offered to save a citizen of Massachusetts from being kidnapped. Is this what all these arms, all this “training,” has been for these seventy-eight years past? What is wanted is men of principle, who recognize a higher law than the decision of the majority. The marines and the militia whose bodies were used lately were not men of sense nor of pr…
1% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1853)…ream, but that stream is the Concord, which flows without a ripple a murmur, without a rapid or a brawl, and offers no petty privileges to quarrel about.2 Richard Chenevix Trench (1807–1886). The quote comes from the 1852 edition of his On the Study of Words. Thoreau’s footnote: “Bailey, I find, has it: ‘Rival…
1% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1853)…ot. The perseverance of the saints is positive willedness, not a mere passive willingness. The fates are wild, for they will; and the Almighty is wild above all, as fate is. Richard Chenevix Trench (1807–1886). The quote comes from the 1852 edition of his On the Study of Words: “‘Wild’ is the participle past of ‘to will’; a ‘wild’ horse is a ‘wil…
1% matchExcerpts from H.D. Thoreau’s journals (1855)…Frank Henry Temple Bellew (1828–1888) Charles Fourier. William Howitt (1792–1879). The quotes come from his Land, Labour, and Gold: or, Two Years in Victoria: with Visits to Sydney and Van Diemen’s Land (1855) Thore…
1% match17 June 2011…17 June 2011 David Irish (1792–1884) wrote frequently for the Friends’ Intelligencer (usually as “D.I.”) on the subject of the Quaker peace testimony and related issues — such as boycotting slave-labor products: This excerpt can also be…
1% matchWe Won’t Pay!…The Breton Association Reform Bill Agitation The Bezuidenhout Affair 19th Century Pacifists Henry David Thoreau Tolstoy’s Christian Anarchism…
1% match29 October 2014…1828–1875) Once the United States was an established fact, it took a little while for the individual state governments to solidify their constitutions, and for the federal system to evolve into something stable. In the early years of the 19th century there were some interesting debates in state legislatures when they were discussing laws (or sometimes new state constitutions) and trying to delineate the boundaries of legal…
1% match27 October 2007…27 October 2007 In the course of researching tax resistance in the 19th century American “non-resistant” movement, I was led to a remarkable pamphlet that I hadn’t heard of before. The name of the pamphlet is Evils of the Revolutionary War (that is, the American Revolution) and it was written by one Charles K. Whipple and issued by William Lloy…
1% match25 April 2008…ive projects resisters and their sympathizers have used in support of tax resistance. Here are some of the examples I found: Tax resister “insurance” For instance, the Breton Association in 19th century France, which organized to “form a common stock or fund… to indemnify the subscribers for any expense they may be put to by their refusal to pay any illegal contributions im…
1% match24 July 2013…no retreat. The federal government, in order to ease suffering and to maintain control over its own populace, began to assume some social responsibility. Possibly most Friends are in the same position as those who began paying the “mixed” taxes in the 1800s. But in the past ten years the whole world has witnessed the kind of horror that a powerful military state can unleash even without resort to the ultimate weapon.…
1% match21 March 2008…r the New Hampshire Free Press on “Why I Am An Anarchist” that has the stateliness (so to speak) and deliberateness that I usually have to go back to nineteenth-century prose to find. I like that sort of thing, but I’m afraid to most modern readers it’ll seem in costume, like someone wearing a bowler and spats. Which is too bad, because it contains so…
1% match19 September 2004…lumbia allows its residents to purchase license plates emblazoned with this slogan, and the District’s delegates to the Democratic National Convention this year replicated the original protest by dumping tea into Boston harbor.… In addition, during the nineteenth century, woman suffragists refused to pay taxes in order to protest their inability to vote, metaphorically invoking the “no taxation without representation” slogan from the Boston Tea Party.…
1% match19 August 2013…Add that all up and we get: one abstract discussion of whether war tax resistance conflicts with Jesus’s teachings three mentions of American war tax resisters recently deceased one mention of a tax resister from the 19th century one mention of American Quaker war tax resistance from the 18th century one contem…
1% match17 September 2005…17 September 2005 Today is “Constitution Day,” or so the politicians tell us, and so there’s no better day to give Lysander Spooner another look. This essay is one of my favorites from the 19th century American anarchists, and a source of great zingers like: A man is none the less a slave because he is allowed to choose a new master once in a term of years.…
1% match17 February 2007…ashington rising to the heavens in glory, flanked by female figures representing Liberty and Victory/Fame. A rainbow arches at his feet, and thirteen maidens symbolizing the original states flank the three central figures. (The word “apotheosis” in the title means literally the raising of a person to the rank of a god, or the glorification of a person as an ideal; George Washington was honored as a national icon in the nineteenth century.)…
1% match13 July 2013…ing men for the Navy” and directed local Friends to have such cases under their care. Those who paid war taxes without even waiting for the process of distraint were considered to have acted “inconsistently.” In the 19th century less material on taxes was published by Friends. Perhaps there is here a fruitful field awaiting some researcher of yearly and quarterly minutes [indeed ther…
1% match11 December 2007…Fund but more inclusive both in what sort of resisters may apply and which sorts of penalties they can seek reimbursement for. Last month, I mentioned the Breton Association in 19th century France, which “proposed, in the first place, to refuse to pay any illegal tax, and in the second place to raise by contribution a common fund for indemnifying any subscriber,…
1% match10 November 2012…s a special rule which applies only in Germany. The German church tax system is in fact an exception, as in most other countries, the Catholic Church regulates the contributions of its members differently. The German church tax was introduced in the 19th century, as compensation for the nationalisation of church property (secularization). With their decision, the bishops are trying to get out of the defensive position in…
1% match8 November 2013…I have covered the interesting case of Zerah Colburn Whipple, who was imprisoned for a while in 1874 after refusing to pay a militia tax. There seem to have been a lot of Whipples active in the peace movement in the 19th century in the U.S. There was Charles K. Whipple, who wrote an interesting pamphlet in 1839…
1% match5 August 2013…ws for an affirmation, because certain religious rights are antecedent to the establishment of the government, and the government can and will accommodate itself to religious scruples of those people who are conscientious good citizens. During the 19th century there was less opportunity for tax resistance because there was no direct federal taxation. The federal government was financed by tariffs, and the tariffs were used…
1% match4 April 2008…ve Been Avoided” Excerpts from four histories of the first Boer War show how an act of tax resistance, and a community that rallied around the resister, started the rebellion. 19th Century Pacifists “The New England Non-Resistance Society” War tax resistance was a point of debate within the New England Non-Resistance Society. “Refuse…
1% match4 April 2008…The Breton Association Reform Bill Agitation The Bezuidenhout Affair 19th Century Pacifists Henry David Thoreau Tolstoy’s Christian Anarchism…
1% match3 March 2005…eech of Daniel Webster’s, works of Shakespeare, a poem of Charles Wolfe, etc.), as well as to Wikipedia or other explanatory articles that give more context about the Mexican-American war, 19th Century American politics, and such. As a final touch, I labeled each paragraph with a marker so that they can be individually referenced in a hyperlink — for instance, you can link direc…
1% match3 July 2004…3 July 2004 On Wednesday I moved in to a quirky 19th Century house to join an interesting and fun set of housemates on the other side of the bay from my old home. On Thursday, the landlord served the house with an eviction notice and 30 days to get out (they’re trying to replace us with rent-to-own-types).…
1% match13 May 2012…no state in which there is a more distinctly organized and active party operating to effect repudiation if they can. “Repudiation” here means individual states defaulting on their debts. The United States in the early 1840s were something like the European Union in the early 2010s — overextended, out of money, with failing institutions, a public unwilling to tighten the belts and pay off th…
1% match5 July 2013…riends Journal is dated 2 July 1955, and billed itself as “Successor to The Friend (1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting since 1827, had reunified earlier in 1955…
1% match14 November 2007…the power to tax is the power to destroy, and they did not wish to have one group of citizens, or one part of the country penalized for the unfair advantage of another. How wise and farsighted they were! For one hundred and twenty-five years this was our traditional, constitutional system of taxation, and under it we built the richest, most powerful nation in the world. We developed and maintained for the majority of our…
1% match14 November 2007…atever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.” And when we adopted this income tax amendment, we departed from our constitutional method of taxation. For one hundred and twenty-five years, the Federal Government had levied taxes and they were always apportioned among the several States. Why do you suppose the Constitution is so specific and so explicit that…
1% match5 July 2013…5 July 2013 The first edition of the Friends Journal is dated 2 July 1955, and billed itself as “Successor to The Friend (1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting…
1% match5 July 2013…(1827–1955) and Friends Intelligencer (1844–1955).” The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which had been split into an Orthodox and a Hicksite meeting since 1827, had reunified earlier in 1955. The new magazine reflected this merger: The Friend had been the organ of the Orthodox meeting, and the…
1% match17 September 2005…dence of the general sense of mankind, as to the practical necessity there is that all men’s important contracts, especially those of a permanent nature, should be both written and signed, the following facts are pertinent. For nearly two hundred years — that is, since 1677 — there has been on the statute book of England, and the same, in substance, if not precisely in letter, has been re-enacted, and is now in force, in nearly or quite all…
0% match29 August 2005…umes could — and have — been written about the economic and social damage this kind of taxation does to a culture. But what concerns me here is that taxation is the fuel of war. Warfare of the kind witnessed for the first time only in the 19th and 20th centuries, warfare that kills tens of millions in the space of only a few years, warfare that snuffs out whole cities in the blink of an eye, is…
0% match30 May 2008…today’s and tomorrow’s entries, as I’ll be off the grid for a few days. In Lillian Schlissel’s Conscience in America: A documentary history of conscientious objection in America, 1757–1967 (1968) is an excerpt from a letter to the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1795 that I haven’t been able to find elsewhere, and the author of which re…
0% match12 November 2005…Bush took office (and he did take it), his government has borrowed $1.05 trillion. That is to say, over one thousand billion. Remember how many a billion is? $1.05 trillion is more than the total borrowed by every administration between 1776 and 2000 ($1.01 trillion). The mind implodes. Half of this nation’s debt in 224 years, the other half since Junior Bush got the top job. Remember how far away the sun is? We have spent enough d…
0% match23 August 2013…etter to the Pennsylvania assembly concerning a royal levy, [a portion of the PDF is illegible at this point] -tion of Christ and Fox. As reported by Peter Brock in his The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1660–1914, it states in part: And being painfully apprehensive that the large sum granted by the… Assembly for the King’s use is principally intended for purposes in…
0% match24 April 2008…We Won’t Pay!: A Tax Resistance Reader is complete and I’ve finished patting myself on the back for a job well done, I’ve started to work on a spin-off project: a reader that concentrates on war tax resistance by American Quakers from the 17th through the 19th century. I planned to take the existing sections of this material from We Won’t Pay! and add a littl…
0% match6 July 2013…r tax resistance had been, that in 1960 war tax resistance could be described in a Quaker publication as possibly “emerging as a new testimony.” (The same issue has an article titled “The Quaker Peace Testimony, 1660–1960: Some Suggestions for Witness and Rededication” that doesn’t mention taxes at all.) In the 1 November issue, in an article on “The Peace Testimony and the Monthly Mee…
0% match24 December 2013…1 to 11. And when we women, individually, tried to reason with our men we were told, almost in chorus: “‘Dear ladies, to give you the suffrage, we would have to change our Constitution. And ladies — ladies — that has been changed only since 1629! [sic]’” “Now,” ask the women of Bermuda, “what are you going to do with men who haven’t yet emerged from the sixteen hundreds? How are we going to prevail upon them?” St…
0% match5 August 2013…as an extract from J. William Frost’s Tax Court testimony in the Deming case, in which he explained the Quaker war tax resistance practice: The peace testimony has been a basic part of Quaker religious belief since the 1660s. The testimony has not been static; it has evolved over time as Friends thought out the implications of what it meant to be a bringer of peace. Some of the most creative actions of members of…
0% match1 March 2013…to military tax payment on the part of CFS employees will be accepted as an appropriate stance, in keeping with the Friends Peace Testimony established and upheld by Quakers since its original expression in 1660.” At present, the letter is in the hands of the IRS. Regardless of the outcome, the school…
0% match1 December 2009…9 Bibliography The following excerpt from John Thomas Ball’s The Reformed Church of Ireland (1537–1886) concerns resistance to mandatory tithes by Irish Catholics in the 1830s. The value of the tithes levied at this time in Ireland may be reckoned at about six hundr…